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What is Ceftriaxone Sodium?
Ceftriaxone Sodium is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. This medicine is also given before certain types of surgery to prevent infections.
Ceftriaxone Sodium belongs to the class of medicines known as cephalosporin antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Ceftriaxone Sodium indications
Acute bacterial otitis media ( Ceftriaxone Sodium ); treatment of infections of lower respiratory tract, skin and skin structures, bone and joint, and urinary tract; treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease, intra-abdominal infections, gonorrhea ( Ceftriaxone Sodium ), meningitis, and septicemia caused by susceptible microorganisms; preoperative prophylaxis.
Neurologic complications, arthritis, and carditis associated with Lyme disease in patients refractory to penicillin G.
How should I use Ceftriaxone Sodium?
Use Ceftriaxone Sodium exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Ceftriaxone Sodium is injected into a muscle, or into a vein through an IV. You may be shown how to use an IV at home. Do not give yourself this medicine if you do not understand how to use the injection and properly dispose of needles, IV tubing, and other items used.
You may need to mix Ceftriaxone Sodium with a liquid (diluent) before using it. If you are using the injections at home, be sure you understand how to properly mix and store the medication. Use only the diluent your doctor has recommended.
Do not mix Ceftriaxone Sodium in the same injection with other antibiotics, or with any diluent that contains calcium, including a TPN (total parenteral nutrition) solution.
After mixing your medicine, you will need to use it within a certain number of hours or days. This will depend on the diluent and how you store the mixture (at room temperature, in a refrigerator, or frozen). Carefully follow the mixing and storage instructions provided with your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions.
If you use other injectable medications, be sure to flush your intravenous catheter between injections of each medication.
Use Ceftriaxone Sodium for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics. Ceftriaxone Sodium will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.
Ceftriaxone Sodium can cause unusual results with certain lab tests for glucose (sugar) in the urine. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using this medicine.
Store unmixed Ceftriaxone Sodium powder at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and light.
If your medicine was provided in a frozen form or was frozen after mixing, thaw it in a refrigerator or at room temperature. Do not warm in a microwave or boiling water. Use the medicine as soon as possible after thawing it. Do not refreeze.
Use a disposable needle and syringe only once. Follow any state or local laws about throwing away used needles and syringes. Use a puncture-proof "sharps" disposal container (ask your pharmacist where to get one and how to throw it away). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.
Uses of Ceftriaxone Sodium in details
Ceftriaxone Sodium is used to treat bacterial infections of the brain respiratory tract ear abdomen abdominal wall, urinary tract and kidney, bones, joints, and skin or soft tissues. It is also used in the management of fever with low white blood cells (neutropenia), surgical site infections, joint pain caused by parasite ticks (Lyme disease), typhoid, paratyphoid and sexually transmitted infections (gonorrhea, syphilis).
Ceftriaxone Sodium description
Ceftriaxone Sodium is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. Like other third-generation cephalosporins, it has broad spectrum activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. In most cases, it is considered to be equivalent to cefotaxime in terms of safety and efficacy.
Ceftriaxone Sodium is often used (in combination, but not direct, with macrolide and/or aminoglycoside antibiotics) for the treatment of community-acquired or mild to moderate health care-associated pneumonia. It is also a choice drug for treatment of bacterial meningitis. In pediatrics, it is commonly used in febrile infants between 4 and 8 weeks of age who are admitted to the hospital to exclude sepsis. The dosage for acute ear infection in the very young is 50 mg/Kg IM, one dose only. It has also been used in the treatment of Lyme disease, typhoid fever and gonorrhea.
Intravenous dosages may be adjusted for body mass in younger patients and is administered every 12–24 hours, at a dose that depends on the type and severity of the infection.
For the treatment of gonorrhoea, a single intramuscular injection is usually given. Treatment for chlamydia infection is also recommended (usually with azithromycin) unless it is specifically ruled out.
It must not be mixed or administered simultaneously (within 48 hours) with calcium-containing solutions or products, even via different infusion lines (rare fatal cases of calcium-Ceftriaxone Sodium precipitates in lung and kidneys in neonates have been described).
To reduce the pain of intramuscular injection, Ceftriaxone Sodium may be reconstituted with 1% lidocaine.
Ceftriaxone Sodium has also been investigated for efficacy in preventing relapse to cocaine addicition.
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