How do you administer this medicine?
What is Ceftriaxone disodium?
Ceftriaxone disodium is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. This medicine is also given before certain types of surgery to prevent infections.
Ceftriaxone disodium belongs to the class of medicines known as cephalosporin antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.
This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Ceftriaxone disodium indications
Acute bacterial otitis media ( Ceftriaxone disodium ); treatment of infections of lower respiratory tract, skin and skin structures, bone and joint, and urinary tract; treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease, intra-abdominal infections, gonorrhea ( Ceftriaxone disodium ), meningitis, and septicemia caused by susceptible microorganisms; preoperative prophylaxis.
Neurologic complications, arthritis, and carditis associated with Lyme disease in patients refractory to penicillin G.
How should I use Ceftriaxone disodium?
Use Ceftriaxone disodium exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Ceftriaxone disodium is injected into a muscle, or into a vein through an IV. You may be shown how to use an IV at home. Do not give yourself this medicine if you do not understand how to use the injection and properly dispose of needles, IV tubing, and other items used.
You may need to mix Ceftriaxone disodium with a liquid (diluent) before using it. If you are using the injections at home, be sure you understand how to properly mix and store the medication. Use only the diluent your doctor has recommended.
Do not mix Ceftriaxone disodium in the same injection with other antibiotics, or with any diluent that contains calcium, including a TPN (total parenteral nutrition) solution.
After mixing your medicine, you will need to use it within a certain number of hours or days. This will depend on the diluent and how you store the mixture (at room temperature, in a refrigerator, or frozen). Carefully follow the mixing and storage instructions provided with your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions.
If you use other injectable medications, be sure to flush your intravenous catheter between injections of each medication.
Use Ceftriaxone disodium for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics. Ceftriaxone disodium will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.
Ceftriaxone disodium can cause unusual results with certain lab tests for glucose (sugar) in the urine. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using this medicine.
Store unmixed Ceftriaxone disodium powder at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and light.
If your medicine was provided in a frozen form or was frozen after mixing, thaw it in a refrigerator or at room temperature. Do not warm in a microwave or boiling water. Use the medicine as soon as possible after thawing it. Do not refreeze.
Use a disposable needle and syringe only once. Follow any state or local laws about throwing away used needles and syringes. Use a puncture-proof "sharps" disposal container (ask your pharmacist where to get one and how to throw it away). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.
Uses of Ceftriaxone disodium in details
Ceftriaxone disodium is used to treat bacterial infections of the brain respiratory tract ear abdomen abdominal wall, urinary tract and kidney, bones, joints, and skin or soft tissues. It is also used in the management of fever with low white blood cells (neutropenia), surgical site infections, joint pain caused by parasite ticks (Lyme disease), typhoid, paratyphoid and sexually transmitted infections (gonorrhea, syphilis).
Ceftriaxone disodium description
Ceftriaxone disodium is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, single use, packaged combination of Ceftriaxone disodium sodium and dextrose injection (diluent) in the Duplex sterile container. The Duplex container is a flexible dual chamber container.
The drug chamber is filled with Ceftriaxone disodium sodium, a sterile, semisynthetic, broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic for IV administration. Ceftriaxone disodium sodium is (6R,7R)-7-[2-(2-Amino-4-thiazolyl)glyoxylamido]-8-oxo-3-[[(1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-2-methyl-5,6-dioxo-as-triazin-3-yl)thio]methyl]-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid, 72-(Z)-(O-methyloxime), disodium salt, sesquaterhydrate.
Its chemical formula is C18H16N8Na2O7S3·3.5H2O. It has a calculated molecular weight of 661.6.
Ceftriaxone disodium sodium is supplied as a dry powder form equivalent to either 1 or 2 g of Ceftriaxone disodium. It is a white to yellowish-orange crystalline powder which is readily soluble in water, sparingly soluble in methanol and very slightly soluble in ethanol. The pH of a 1% aqueous solution is approximately 6.7. The color of Ceftriaxone disodium sodium solutions ranges from light yellow to amber, depending on the length of storage and concentration.
Ceftriaxone disodium sodium contains approximately 83 mg (3.6 mEq) of sodium per gram of Ceftriaxone disodium activity.
The diluent chamber contains dextrose injection. The concentration of hydrous dextrose in water for injection USP has been adjusted to render the reconstituted drug product iso-osmotic. Dextrose USP has been added to adjust osmolality (approximately 1.87 g and 1.11 g to 1 g and 2 g dosages, respectively). Dextrose injection is sterile, nonpyrogenic, and contains no bacteriostatic or antimicrobial agents.
The molecular weight of hydrous dextrose USP is 198.17.
After removing the peelable foil strip, activating the seals, and thoroughly mixing, the reconstituted drug product is intended for single IV use. When reconstituted, the approximate osmolality for the reconstituted solution for Ceftriaxone disodium is 290 mOsmol/kg.
The Duplex container is latex-free, PVC-free, and DEHP-free.
The Duplex dual chamber container is made from a specially formulated material. The product (diluent and drug) contact layer is a mixture of thermoplastic rubber and a polypropylene ethylene copolymer that contains no plasticizers. The safety of the container system is supported by USP biological evaluation procedures.
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