Chlorpheniramine Maleate Pregnancy

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Pregnancy of Chlorpheniramine Maleate in details

Pregnancy is always a special situation where every action or side effect of the drug varies when compared to a situation of a non-pregnant patient. It is not only because the pregnant woman's metabolism differs due to the hormonal and other changes happened to her, but also because every medicine or its metabolite passes to the baby and shows its action there. The only thing is, be cautious, attentive and well supervised when you take any single drug in pregnancy. The interactions can vary in pregnancy, and the dosage may differ as well. Strict supervision of the Physician is mandatory.
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Contraindicated in pregnancy (safety and efficacy in women during pregnancy has not been established); ciprofloxacin crosses the placenta, excreted in breast milk.

In experimental studies found that it causes arthropathy. In experiments on rats and mice treated with ciprofloxacin in doses exceeding the usual daily dose for a person 6 times, adverse effects on the fetus is not revealed. In experiments on rabbits treated with oral dose of ciprofloxacin 30 and 100 mg / kg, it is shown that the drug causes disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, leading to loss of body weight in females and increase the number of miscarriages but teratogenicity not found. When IV introduction to the doses of 20 mg / kg ciprofloxacin did not exert toxic effects on the mother and embryo, showed no teratogenicity. The use of local forms of ciprofloxacin in pregnancy is possible if the anticipated benefits exceed the potential risk to the fetus.

Category of the fetus by FDA - C.

Ciprofloxacin is excreted in breast milk, so the period of lactation should decide, stop taking ciprofloxacin or breastfeeding based on the degree of importance of the use of drugs for the mother.

With careful use of local forms of ciprofloxacin in breast-feeding (not known whether ciprofloxacin is excreted in breast milk when applied topically).


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References

  1. DailyMed. "CHLORPHENIRAMINE POLISTIREX; HYDROCODONE POLISTIREX: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. PubMed Health. "Chlorpheniramine (By mouth): This section provide the link out information of drugs collectetd in PubMed Health. ". http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhe... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. Human Metabolome Database (HMDB). "Chlorpheniramine: The Human Metabolome Database (HMDB) is a freely available electronic database containing detailed information about small molecule metabolites found in the human body.". http://www.hmdb.ca/metabolites/HMDB0... (accessed September 17, 2018).

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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