Chlorthalidone Dosage

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Dosage of Chlorthalidone in details

The dose of a drug and dosage of the drug are two different terminologies. Dose is defined as the quantity or amount of medicine given by the doctor or taken by the patient at a given period. Dosage is the regimen prescribed by the doctor about how many days and how many times per day the drug is to be taken in specified dose by the patient. The dose is expressed in mg for tablets or gm, micro gm sometimes, ml for syrups or drops for kids syrups. The dose is not fixed for a drug for all conditions, and it changes according to the condition or a disease. It also changes on the age of the patient.
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Chlorthalidone Dosage

Applies to the following strength(s): 50 mg; 25 mg; 100 mg; 15 mg

The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Usual Adult Dose for:

Additional dosage information:

Usual Adult Dose for Edema

Initial dose: 50-100 mg orally once a day.

Maintenance dose: 25-100 mg once a day or

50-200 mg every other day.

Usual Adult Dose for Hypertension

Initial dose: 25 mg orally once a day (15 mg for Thalitone).

Maintenance dose: 25-100 mg once a day (15-50 mg for Thalitone).

Renal Dose Adjustments

Chlorthalidone is not expected to be filtered into the renal tubule (its site of action) when the glomerular filtration rate is less than 10 mL/min.

Liver Dose Adjustments

Data not available

Dose Adjustments

Dosage adjustments are recommended to be made no more frequently than weekly. Patients with liver disease or renal dysfunction should have dosage adjustments made cautiously.

Precautions

Chlorthalidone is contraindicated in patients with anuria.

Chlorthalidone therapy should be used with caution in severe renal disease. In patients with renal disease, Chlorthalidone or related drugs may precipitate azotemia. Cumulative effects may develop in patients with impaired renal function. If progressive renal impairment becomes evident, as indicated by a rising nonprotein nitrogen or blood urea nitrogen, a careful reappraisal of the treatment is necessary with consideration given to withholding or discontinuing diuretic therapy.

Chlorthalidone therapy should be used with caution in patients with impaired hepatic function or progressive liver disease, since minor alterations of fluid and electrolyte balance may precipitate hepatic coma.

Sensitivity reactions may be observed in patients with a history of allergy or bronchial asthma.

The possibility of exacerbation or activation of systemic lupus erythematosus has been observed with thiazide diuretics, which are structurally related to Chlorthalidone. However, systemic lupus erythematosus has not been observed following Chlorthalidone administration.

Hypokalemia may develop with Chlorthalidone as with any other diuretic, especially with brisk diuresis when severe cirrhosis is present. Interference with adequate oral electrolyte intake will also contribute to hypokalemia.

Any chloride deficit is generally mild and usually does not require specific therapy except under extraordinary circumstances (as in liver disease or renal disease). Dilutional hyponatremia may be observed in edematous patients in hot weather, appropriate therapy is water restriction, rather than administration of salt except in rare instances when the hyponatremia is life threatening. In actual salt depletion, appropriate replacement is the treatment of choice.

Hyperuricemia may occur or frank gout may be precipitated in certain patients receiving Chlorthalidone therapy. Thiazide-like diuretics have been shown to increase the urinary excretion of magnesium, which may result in hypomagnesemia.

The antihypertensive effects Chlorthalidone may be enhanced in the post-sympathectomy patient.

Calcium excretion is decreased by thiazide-like agents. Pathological changes in the parathyroid gland with hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia have been reported in few patients on thiazide therapy. The common complications of hyperparathyroidism such as renal lithiasis, bone resorption and peptic ulceration have not been observed.

Periodic determination of serum electrolytes to detect possible electrolyte imbalance should be conducted at appropriate intervals.

Electrolyte abnormalities (i.e., hypokalemia, hyponatremia) and glucose intolerance may occur during Chlorthalidone therapy.

Safety and effectiveness have not been established in pediatric patients (less than 18 years of age).

Dialysis

Data not available

Other Comments

The maximum daily dose for hypertension is 100 mg (50 mg for Thalitone).

The maximum daily dose for edema is 200 mg (120 mg for Thalitone).

Periodic monitoring of electrolytes is recommended, particularly in elderly patients and in patients receiving a high dose.

More about Chlorthalidone

Consumer resources

Professional resources

Related treatment guides

What other drugs will affect Chlorthalidone?

Before using Chlorthalidone, tell your doctor if you regularly use other medicines that make you sleepy (such as cold or allergy medicine, sedatives, narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression, or anxiety). They can add to sleepiness caused by Chlorthalidone.

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with Chlorthalidone. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

Chlorthalidone interactions

Interactions are the effects that happen when the drug is taken along with the food or when taken with other medications. Suppose if you are taking a drug Chlorthalidone, it may have interactions with specific foods and specific medications. It will not interact with all foods and medications. The interactions vary from drug to drug. You need to be aware of interactions of the medicine you take. Most medications may interact with alcohol, tobacco, so be cautious.
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Allopurinol

Concurrent use may increase incidence of hypersensitivity reactions to allopurinol.

Amphotericin B, corticosteroids

May intensify potassium depletion.

Anticholinergics

May increase Chlorthalidone absorption.

Anticoagulants

May diminish anticoagulant effects.

Bile acid sequestrants

May reduce Chlorthalidone absorption. Give Chlorthalidone at least 2 h before bile acid sequestrant.

Calcium salts

Hypercalcemia may develop.

Diazoxide

May cause hyperglycemia.

Digitalis glycosides

Diuretic-induced hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia may precipitate digitalis-induced arrhythmias.

Lithium

May decrease renal excretion of lithium.

Loop diuretics

Synergistic effects may result in profound diuresis and serious electrolyte abnormalities.

Methenamines, NSAIDs

May decrease effectiveness of Chlorthalidone.

Sulfonylureas, insulin

May decrease hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas.

Laboratory Test Interactions

Increased serum bilirubin levels. Serum magnesium levels in uremic patients may be increased.


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References

  1. DailyMed. "ATENOLOL; CHLORTHALIDONE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. MeSH. "Antihypertensive Agents". https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/68... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. European Chemicals Agency - ECHA. "Chlortalidone: The information provided here is aggregated from the "Notified classification and labelling" from ECHA's C&L Inventory. ". https://echa.europa.eu/information-o... (accessed September 17, 2018).

Reviews

The results of a survey conducted on ndrugs.com for Chlorthalidone are given in detail below. The results of the survey conducted are based on the impressions and views of the website users and consumers taking Chlorthalidone. We implore you to kindly base your medical condition or therapeutic choices on the result or test conducted by a physician or licensed medical practitioners.

User reports

Consumer reported frequency of use

No survey data has been collected yet


2 consumers reported doses

What doses of Chlorthalidone drug you have used?
The drug can be in various doses. Most anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive drugs, pain killers, or antibiotics are in different low and high doses and prescribed by the doctors depending on the severity and demand of the condition suffered by the patient. In our reports, ndrugs.com website users used these doses of Chlorthalidone drug in following percentages. Very few drugs come in a fixed dose or a single dose. Common conditions, like fever, have almost the same doses, e.g., [acetaminophen, 500mg] of drug used by the patient, even though it is available in various doses.
Users%
1-5mg1
50.0%
11-50mg1
50.0%


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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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