Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg Uses

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What is Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg?

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg oral liquid and tablets are also used to treat anthrax infection after inhalational exposure. Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg may mask or delay the symptoms of syphilis. It is not effective against syphilis infections.

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg extended-release tablets are only used to treat urinary tract infections, including acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis.

Proquin® XR tablets are only used to treat uncomplicated or simple urinary tract infections (acute cystitis).

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg belongs to the class of drugs known as quinolone antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg indications

infoAn indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible isolates of the designated microorganisms in the conditions and patient populations listed below.

Urinary Tract Infections

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens, Proteus mirabilis, Providencia rettgeri, Morganella morganii, Citrobacter koseri, Citrobacter freundii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, or Enterococcus faecalis.

Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult female patients for treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis caused by Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus saprophyticus.

Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis caused by Escherichia coli or Proteus mirabilis.

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of lower respiratory tract infections caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter cloacae, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, or Streptococcus pneumoniae. Also, Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated for the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis caused by Moraxella catarrhalis.

Acute Sinusitis

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of acute sinusitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Moraxella catarrhalis.

Skin and Skin Structure Infections

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of skin and skin structure infections caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter cloacae, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Providencia stuartii, Morganella morganii, Citrobacter freundii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus epidermidis, or Streptococcus pyogenes.

Bone and Joint Infections

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of bone and joint infections caused by Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens, or Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections (used in combination with metronidazole) caused by Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, or Bacteroides fragilis.

Infectious Diarrhea

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of infectious diarrhea caused by Escherichia coli (enterotoxigenic isolates), Campylobacter jejuni, Shigella boydii†,Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri or Shigella sonnei† when antibacterial therapy is indicated.

†Although treatment of infections due to this organism in this organ system demonstrated a clinically significant outcome, efficacy was studied in fewer than 10 patients.

Typhoid Fever (Enteric Fever)

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of typhoid fever (enteric fever) caused by Salmonella typhi. The efficacy of Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg in the eradication of the chronic typhoid carrier state has not been demonstrated.

Uncomplicated Cervical and Urethral Gonorrhea

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adult patients for treatment of uncomplicated cervical and urethral gonorrhea due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Complicated Urinary Tract Infections and Pyelonephritis

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in pediatric patients one to 17 years of age for treatment of complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI) and pyelonephritis due to Escherichia coli.

Inhalational Anthrax (post-exposure)

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated in adults and pediatric patients from birth to 17 years of age for inhalational anthrax (post-exposure) to reduce the incidence or progression of disease following exposure to aerosolized Bacillus anthracis.

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg serum concentrations achieved in humans served as a surrogate endpoint reasonably likely to predict clinical benefit and provided the initial basis for approval of this indication.1 Supportive clinical information for Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg for anthrax post-exposure prophylaxis was obtained during the anthrax bioterror attacks of October 2001.

Plague

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are indicated for treatment of plague, including pneumonic and septicemic plague, due to Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis) and prophylaxis for plague in adults and pediatric patients from birth to 17 years of age. Efficacy studies of Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg could not be conducted in humans with plague for feasibility reasons. Therefore this indication is based on an efficacy study conducted in animals only.

Limitation of Use

Use in Pediatric Patients

Although effective in clinical trials, Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg is not a drug of first choice in the pediatric population due to an increased incidence of adverse events compared to controls, including events related to joints and/or surrounding tissues. Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP, like other fluoroquinolones, is associated with arthropathy and histopathological changes in weight-bearing joints of juvenile animals.

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP are not a drug of first choice in the treatment of presumed or confirmed pneumonia secondary to Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Usage

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP and other antibacterial drugs, Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

If anaerobic organisms are suspected of contributing to the infection, appropriate therapy should be administered. Appropriate culture and susceptibility tests should be performed before treatment in order to isolate and identify organisms causing infection and to determine their susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg. Therapy with Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablets USP may be initiated before results of these tests are known; once results become available appropriate therapy should be continued. As with other drugs, some isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa may develop resistance fairly rapidly during treatment with Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg. Culture and susceptibility testing performed periodically during therapy will provide information not only on the therapeutic effect of the antimicrobial agent but also on the possible emergence of bacterial resistance.

How should I use Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg?

Use Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg refilled.
  • An extra patient leaflet may be available with Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
  • Take Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg by mouth with or without food. The preferred dosing time is 2 hours after a meal.
  • Shake well before each use.
  • Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose.
  • Take Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg with a full glass of water (8 oz [240 mL]).
  • Drinking extra fluids while you are taking Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg is recommended. Check with your doctor for instructions.
  • If you also take any products containing magnesium, aluminum, calcium, iron, or zinc (eg, antacids, quinapril, vitamins/minerals); didanosine; sucralfate; or bismuth subsalicylate, do not take them within 6 hours before or 2 hours after taking Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg. Check with your doctor if you have questions.
  • If you also take sevelamer, do not take it within 4 hours before or after taking Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg. Check with your doctor if you have questions.
  • Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg works best if it is taken at the same time each day.
  • To clear up your infection completely, take Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg for the full course of treatment. Keep taking it even if you feel better in a few days.
  • Avoid taking Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg with milk or milk products (eg, calcium-enriched juice, yogurt) by themselves. However, taking Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg as part of a full meal that contains milk or milk products is permitted.
  • Do not miss any doses. If you miss a dose of Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg.

Uses of Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg in details

infoThere are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg is used to treat wide range of bacterial infections including lung or respiratory tract infections, eye infection, bladder and kidney infections, reproductive tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections and bone and joint infections.

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg description

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg: Each 250- and 500-mg tablet contains Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg HCl 250 mg and 500 mg, respectively.

Each 50-, 100- and 200-mL vial of infusion solution contains Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg lactate 100 mg, 200 mg and 400 mg, respectively.

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg tablet also contains microcrystalline cellulose, maize starch, crospovidone, anhydrous colloidal silica, magnesium stearate, hypromellose, macrogol 4000 and titanium dioxide (E171) while the infusion solution also contains lactic acid, sodium chloride, concentrated hydrochloric acid and water for injections.

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg XR: Each 500 mg tablet contains Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg HCl monohydrate 334.8 mg and Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg hydrous 253 mg, corresponding to Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg 500 mg. Each 1 g tablet contains Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg HCl monohydrate 669.4 mg and Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg hydrate 506 mg, corresponding to Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg 1000 mg.

Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg XR also contains the following excipients: Crospovidone, magnesium stearate, anhydrous colloidal silica, succinic acid, hypromellose, macrogol 3350, titanium dioxide and purified water in bulk.


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Active ingredient matches for Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg:

Ciprofloxacin


List of Ciprofloxacin 250 Mg substitutes (brand and generic names)

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References

  1. DailyMed. "CIPROFLOXACIN; DEXAMETHASONE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/se... (accessed September 18, 2017).
  2. PubChem. "ciprofloxacin". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compoun... (accessed September 18, 2017).

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

 
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