Cypnid Uses

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What is Cypnid?

Cypnid an antihistamine that reduces the natural chemical histamine in the body. Histamine can produce symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose

Cypnid is used to treat sneezing, itching, watery eyes, runny nose, and other symptoms of allergies.

Cypnid may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Cypnid indications

An indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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Perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis

Vasomotor rhinitis

Allergic conjunctivitis due to inhalant allergens and foods

Mild, uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedema

Amelioration of allergic reactions to blood or plasma

Cold urticaria

Dermatographism

As therapy for anaphylactic reactions adjunctive to epinephrine and other standard measures after the acute manifestations have been controlled.

How should I use Cypnid?

Use Cypnid as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Cypnid.

Uses of Cypnid in details

There are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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Use: Labeled Indications

Allergic conditions: Perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis; vasomotor rhinitis; allergic conjunctivitis caused by inhalant allergens and foods; mild, uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedema; amelioration of allergic reactions to blood or plasma; cold urticaria; dermatographism; adjunctive anaphylactic therapy.

Off Label Uses

Decreased appetite secondary to chronic disease

Data from a small randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with a long-term extension phase supports the use of Cypnid in the treatment of decreased appetite secondary to chronic disease. Additional trials may be necessary to further define the role of Cypnid in this condition.

Serotonin syndrome

Data from a limited number of patients studied (case series) suggests that Cypnid may be beneficial for the treatment of serotonin syndrome. Additional trials may be necessary to define the role of Cypnid in this condition.

Cypnid description

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Each capsule contains: Cypnid 2 mg, dried yeast IP'85 100 mg and approved colours used in the capsule shell.

Each 5 mL syrup contains: Cypnid 2 mg, tricholine citrate 275 mg, non-crystallising 70% sorbitol solution 2 g and flavoured syrupy base. Colour: Caramel.

Each 5 mL plain oral solution contains: Cypnid equivalent to anhydrous Cypnid 2 mg and flavoured syrupy base. Colour: Caramel.

Each mL drops contains: Cypnid 1.5 mg, tricholine citrate 55 mg and flavoured syrupy sorbitol base. Colour: Caramel.

Cypnid dosage

DOSAGE SHOULD BE INDIVIDUALIZED ACCORDING TO THE NEEDS AND THE RESPONSE OF THE PATIENT.

Although intended primarily for administration to children, the oral solution is also used for administration to adults who cannot swallow tablets.

Children

The total daily dosage for children may be calculated on the basis of body weight or body area using approximately 0.25 mg/kg/day (0.11 mg/lb/day) or 8 mg per square meter of body surface (8 mg/m2).

Age 2 to 6 years

The usual dose is 2 mg (one teaspoonful) two or three times a day, adjusted as necessary to the size and response of the patient. The dose is not to exceed 12 mg a day.

Age 7 to 14 years

The usual dose is 4 mg (two teaspoonfuls) two or three times a day, adjusted as necessary to the size and response of the patient. The dose is not to exceed 16 mg a day.

Adults

The total daily dose for adults should not exceed 0.5 mg/kg/day (0.23 mg/lb/day). The therapeutic range is 4 to 20 mg a day, with the majority of patients requiring 12 to 16 mg a day. An occasional patient may require as much as 32 mg a day for adequate relief. It is suggested that dosage be initiated with 4 mg (two teaspoonfuls) three times a day and adjusted according to the size and response of the patient.

Cypnid interactions

See also:
What other drugs will affect Cypnid?

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Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) prolong and intensify the anticholinergic effects of antihistamines.

Cypnid may have additive effects with alcohol and other CNS depressants like hypnotics, sedatives, tranquilizers and antianxiety agents.

Cypnid side effects

See also:
What are the possible side effects of Cypnid?

Adverse reactions which have been reported with the use of antihistamines are as follows:

Central Nervous System: Sedation and sleepiness (often transient), dizziness, disturbed coordination, confusion, restlessness, excitation, nervousness, tremor, irritability, insomnia, paresthesias, neuritis, convulsions, euphoria, hallucinations, hysteria, faintness.

Integumentary: Allergic manifestation of rash and edema, excessive perspiration, urticaria, photosensitivity.

Special Senses: Acute labyrinthitis, blurred vision, diplopia, vertigo, tinnitus.

Cardiovascular: Hypotension, palpitation, tachycardia, extrasystoles, anaphylactic shock.

Hematologic: Hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia.

Digestive System: Dryness of mouth, epigastric distress, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, jaundice.

Genitourinary: Urinary frequency, difficult urination, urinary retention, early menses.

Respiratory: Dryness of nose and throat, thickening of bronchial secretions, tightness of chest and wheezing, nasal stuffiness.

Miscellaneous: Fatigue, chills, headache, increased appetite/weight gain.

Cypnid contraindications

See also:
What is the most important information I should know about Cypnid?

Newborn or Premature Infants

This drug should not be used in newborn or premature infants.

Nursing Mothers

Because of the higher risk of antihistamines for infants generally and for newborns and prematures in particular, antihistamine therapy is contraindicated in nursing mothers.

Other Conditions

Hypersensitivity to Cypnid and other drugs of similar chemical structure

Monoamine oxidase inhibitor therapy

Angle-closure glaucoma

Stenosing peptic ulcer

Symptomatic prostatic hypertrophy

Bladder neck obstruction

Pyloroduodenal obstruction

Elderly, debilitated patients

Active ingredient matches for Cypnid:

Cyproheptadine hydrochloride in India.


Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
CYPNID tab 4 mg x 10's (Nidus)$ 0.16
CYPNID syr 2 mg x 5 mL x 200ml (Nidus)$ 0.71

List of Cypnid substitutes (brand and generic names):

15ml (Lancer)$ 0.38
200ml (Lancer)$ 0.84
Apel-G Cyproheptadine hydrochloride1.5 mg, Tricholine citrate 55mg DPS / 15ml (Lancer)$ 0.38
Apel-G Cyproheptadine hydrochloride 2mg, Tricholine citrate 0.275mg. SYR / 200ml (Lancer)$ 0.84
APEL-G oral drops 15ml (Lancer)$ 0.38
Apel-G Cyproheptadine hydrochloride1.5 mg, Tricholine citrate 55mg DPS / 15ml (Lancer)$ 0.38
Apel-G Cyproheptadine hydrochloride 2mg, Tricholine citrate 0.275mg. SYR / 200ml (Lancer)$ 0.84
AVETISER syr 2 mg x 200ml (Jasco)$ 0.99
BARDO syr 2 mg x 5 mL x 200ml (Aden Healthcare)$ 0.94
15ml (Geno)$ 0.41
Cypon DPS Cyproheptadine hydrochloride1.5 mg, Tricholine citrate 55mg/1 mL. DPS / 15ml (Geno)$ 0.41
CYPON DPS oral drops 15ml (Geno)$ 0.46
Cypon DPS Cyproheptadine hydrochloride1.5 mg, Tricholine citrate 55mg/1 mL. DPS / 15ml (Geno)$ 0.41
100 tablet in 1 bottle
1000 tablet in 1 bottle
500 tablet in 1 bottle
Cyproheptadine Hydrochloride tablet 4 mg/1 (REMEDYREPACK INC. (US))
Cyproheptadine Hydrochloride syrup 2 mg/5mL (Carilion Materials Management (US))
GROWIN syr 2 mg x 5 mL x 200ml (Jaiwik)$ 0.98
HEPTAZOOM syr 2 mg x 5 mL x 200ml (Jainik)
MONCYP syr 2 mg x 5 mL x 200ml (Acinom Healthcare)$ 1.19
15ml (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.35
Swilactin Cyproheptadine hydrochloride1.5 mg, Tricholine citrate 55mg/1 mL. DPS / 15ml (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.35
Swilactin 15 ml Drop (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.35
Swilactin 200 ml Syrup (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.02
SWILACTIN 2G/0.275G SYRUP 1 bottle / 200 ML syrup each (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.45
SWILACTIN 4MG TABLET 1 strip / 10 tablets each (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.06
SWILACTIN SYRUP 1 bottle / 100 ML syrup each (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.27
SWILACTIN oral drops 15ml (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.35
Swilactin Cyproheptadine hydrochloride1.5 mg, Tricholine citrate 55mg/1 mL. DPS / 15ml (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.35
Swilactin 2 G/0.275 G Syrup (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.45
Swilactin 4mg Tablet (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.01
Swilactin NA Syrup (Ind-Swift Limited)$ 0.27

References

  1. PubChem. "CYPROHEPTADINE". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. DrugBank. "CYPROHEPTADINE". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00434 (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. MeSH. "Serotonin Antagonists". https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/68... (accessed September 17, 2018).

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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