Damaben Side effects

How do you administer this medicine?
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What are the possible side effects of Damaben?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Damaben: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop taking Damaben and call your doctor at once if you have any of these SIGNS OF A SERIOUS MOVEMENT DISORDER, which may occur within the first 2 days of treatment:

Stop taking Damaben and call your doctor at once if you have any of these other serious side effects:

Less serious Damaben side effects may include:

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Side effects of Damaben in details

A side effect of any drug can be defined as the unwanted or undesired effect produced by the drug. The side effect can be major or in few medications minor that can be ignored. Side effects not only vary from drug to drug, but it also depends on the dose of the drug, the individual sensitivity of the person, brand or company which manufactures it. If side effects overweigh the actual effect of the medicine, it may be difficult to convince the patient to take the drug. Few patients get specific side effects to specific drugs; in that case, a doctor replaces the drug with another. If you feel any side effect and it troubles you, do not forget to share with your healthcare practitioner.
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Neurological: Adverse reactions to Damaben that are most frequently seen are restlessness, drowsiness, fatigue and lassitude, which occur in approximately 10% of patients. Insomnia, headache, dizziness have been reported less frequently. Acute depression has been reported rarely (<1 in 1000 cases). Symptoms of Damaben induced depression have ranged from mild to severe and have included suicidal ideation and suicide. Anxiety or agitation may occur, especially after rapid injection. Delirium, severe dysphoria, obsessive rumination and mania have been reported occasionally.

Parkinsonian symptoms including tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia and akinesia, occur rarely in patients receiving Damaben but may be associated with usual or excessive doses or with decreased renal function.

Various extrapyramidal reactions to Damaben, usually of the dystonic type, have been reported. Acute dystonic reactions occur in approximately 0.2% of patients treated with Damaben 30-40 mg/day. In cancer chemotherapy, patients receiving 1-2 mg/kg/dose, the incidence is 2% in patients over the ages of 30-35, and 25% or higher in children and young adults who have not had prophylactic administration of diphenhydramine. Reactions include spasm of the facial muscles, trismus, rhythmic protrusion of the tongue, a bulbar type of speech, spasm of the extraocular muscles including oculogyric crisis, unnatural positioning of the head and shoulders and opisthotonos. There may be a generalised increase in muscle tone. The majority of reactions occur within 36 hrs of starting treatment and the effects usually disappear within 24 hrs of withdrawal of the drug. However, close observation is required, and in cases of more severe reactions, an antiparkinson drug eg, benztropine or an anticholinergic antihistamine eg, diphenhydramine should be given.

A fatal acute dystonic reaction has been reported in a patient who received hexamethylmelamine, cisplatin and Damaben high dose. Dystonic reactions may present rarely as upper airway obstruction with stridor and dyspnoea, possibly secondary to laryngospasm or supraglottic dystonia. A fatal cardiorespiratory arrest occurred in at least 1 patient with an acute dystonic reaction.

Tardive dyskinesia, which may be persistent, has been reported particularly in elderly patients (particularly women) following long-term therapy with Damaben. Tardive dyskinesia is most frequently characterised by involuntary movements of the tongue, face, mouth or jaw, and sometimes by involuntary movements of the trunk and/or extremities. The risk of developing tardive dyskinesia and the likelihood that it will become irreversible are believed to increase with increasing duration of therapy and total cumulative dose. Although tardive dyskinesia can occur after relatively brief therapy with the drug at low doses, it appears to be more readily reversible under such circumstances.

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS): It has been reported very rarely (<2 in 10,000). NMS is potentially fatal and comprises hyperpyrexia, altered consciousness, muscle rigidity, autonomic instability and elevated levels of CPK, and must be treated urgently (recognised treatments include dantrolene and bromocriptine).

Damaben should be stopped immediately if NMS occurs.

Gastrointestinal: Nausea or bowel disturbances have been reported.

Cardiovascular: A single case of supraventricular tachycardia following IM administration has been reported. Cardiac conduction abnormalities (eg, bradycardia and heart block) have occurred very rarely (<1 in 10,000) in association with IV Damaben. Atrial fibrillation, oedema, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, palpitations and tachycardia have also been associated with the use of Damaben. In 1 study in hypertensive patients, IV administered Damaben was shown to release catecholamines; hence, caution should be exercised when Damaben is used in patients with hypertension.

Endocrine: Raised serum prolactin levels have been observed during Damaben therapy; this effect is similar to that noted with many other compounds. Galactorrhoea and breast enlargement have also been observed during Damaben therapy.

Hypersensitivity: There have been isolated reports of hypersensitivity reactions (eg, urticaria, maculopapular rash) in patients receiving the drug.

Respiratory: Respiratory failure, secondary to dystonic reaction, acute asthmatic symptoms of wheezing and dyspnoea may occur.

Genitourinary: Urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction, priapism and muscle spasm may also occur.

Other Effects: There have been isolated reports of blood disorders. Methaemoglobinaemia, particularly following overdose in neonates, has also occurred in patients receiving the drug. Agranulocytosis and hyperthermia have also been observed.

What is the most important information I should know about Damaben?

Damaben contraindications

Contraindication can be described as a special circumstance or a disease or a condition wherein you are not supposed to use the drug or undergo particular treatment as it can harm the patient; at times, it can be dangerous and life threatening as well. When a procedure should not be combined with other procedure or when a medicine cannot be taken with another medicine, it is called Relative contraindication. Contraindications should be taken seriously as they are based on the relative clinical experience of health care providers or from proven research findings.
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NEVER TAKE Damaben IN LARGER AMOUNTS THAN RECOMMENDED, OR FOR LONGER THAN 12 WEEKS. High doses or long-term use of Damaben can cause a serious movement disorder that may not be reversible. Symptoms of this disorder include uncontrollable muscle movements of your lips, tongue, eyes, face, arms, or legs. The longer you take Damaben, the more likely you are to develop a serious movement disorder. The risk of this side effect is higher in women, diabetics, and older adults.

You should not take this medication if you are allergic to Damaben, or if you have bleeding or blockage in your stomach or intestines, epilepsy or other seizure disorder, or an adrenal gland tumor (pheochromocytoma).

Before you take Damaben, tell your doctor if you have kidney or liver disease, congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, or a history of depression.

Do not drink alcohol. It can increase some of the side effects of Damaben.

There are many other medicines that can interact with Damaben. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor. Keep a list of all your medicines and show it to any healthcare provider who treats you.

Stop using Damaben and call your doctor at once if you have tremors or uncontrolled muscle movements, fever, stiff muscles, confusion, sweating, fast or uneven heartbeats, rapid breathing, depressed mood, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself, hallucinations, anxiety, agitation, seizure, or jaundice (yellowing of your skin or eyes).


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References

  1. European Chemicals Agency - ECHA. "Metoclopramide: The information provided here is aggregated from the "Notified classification and labelling" from ECHA's C&L Inventory. ". https://echa.europa.eu/information-o... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. HSDB. "Metoclopramide". https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/s... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. NCIt. "Metoclopramide: NCI Thesaurus (NCIt) provides reference terminology for many systems. It covers vocabulary for clinical care, translational and basic research, and public information and administrative activities.". https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser... (accessed September 17, 2018).

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The results of a survey conducted on ndrugs.com for Damaben are given in detail below. The results of the survey conducted are based on the impressions and views of the website users and consumers taking Damaben. We implore you to kindly base your medical condition or therapeutic choices on the result or test conducted by a physician or licensed medical practitioners.

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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