Dextroamphetamine Uses

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What is Dextroamphetamine?

Dextroamphetamine is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (uncontrollable desire for sleep or a sudden attack of deep sleep). It belongs to the group of medicines called central nervous system (CNS) stimulants.

Dextroamphetamine works in the treatment of ADHD by increasing attention and decreasing restlessness in children and adults who are overactive, cannot concentrate for very long, or are easily distracted and impulsive. Dextroamphetamine is used as part of a total treatment program that also includes social, educational, and psychological treatment.

Dextroamphetamine is available only with a doctor's prescription. Prescriptions cannot be refilled. A new prescription must be obtained from your doctor each time you or your child needs Dextroamphetamine.

Dextroamphetamine indications

An indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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Dextroamphetamine Extended-Release Capsules are indicated in:

Narcolepsy

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity

As an integral part of a total treatment program that typically includes other measures (psychological, educational, social) for patients (ages 6 years to 16 years) with this syndrome. A diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; DSM-IV) implies the presence of the hyperactive-impulsive or inattentive symptoms that caused impairment and were present before age 7 years. The symptoms must cause clinically significant impairment, e.g., in social, academic, or occupational functioning, and be present in 2 or more settings, e.g., school (or work) and at home. The symptoms must not be better accounted for by another mental disorder. For the Inattentive Type, at least 6 of the following symptoms must have persisted for at least 6 months: lack of attention to details/careless mistakes; lack of sustained attention; poor listener; failure to follow through on tasks; poor organization; avoids tasks requiring sustained mental effort; loses things; easily distracted; forgetful. For the Hyperactive-Impulsive Type, at least 6 of the following symptoms must have persisted for at least 6 months: fidgeting/squirming; leaving seat; inappropriate running/climbing; difficulty with quiet activities; “on the go”; excessive talking; blurting answers; can’t wait turn; intrusive. The Combined Type requires both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive criteria to be met.

Special Diagnostic Considerations

Specific etiology of this syndrome is unknown, and there is no single diagnostic test. Adequate diagnosis requires the use of medical and special psychological, educational, and social resources. Learning may or may not be impaired. The diagnosis must be based upon a complete history and evaluation of the patient and not solely on the presences of the required number of DSM-IV characteristics.

Need for Comprehensive Treatment Program

Dextroamphetamine extended-release capsules are indicated as an integral part of a total treatment program for ADHD that may include other measures (psychological, educational, social) for patients with this syndrome. Drug treatment may not be indicated for all patients with this syndrome. Stimulants are not intended for use in patients who exhibit symptoms secondary to environmental factors and/or other primary psychiatric disorders, including psychosis. Appropriate educational placement is essential and psychosocial intervention is often helpful. When remedial measures alone are insufficient, the decision to prescribe stimulant medication will depend upon the physician’s assessment of the chronicity and severity of the patient’s symptoms.

How should I use Dextroamphetamine?

Use Dextroamphetamine as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Dextroamphetamine comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get Dextroamphetamine refilled.
  • Take Dextroamphetamine by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.
  • Take your doses of Dextroamphetamine 4 to 6 hours apart unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
  • Do not drink fruit juice at the same time that you take Dextroamphetamine. Certain fruit juices (eg, grapefruit, apple, orange) may decrease Dextroamphetamine's effectiveness.
  • Take Dextroamphetamine on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it. Taking Dextroamphetamine at the same time each day will help you remember to take it.
  • If you miss a dose of Dextroamphetamine, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Dextroamphetamine.

Uses of Dextroamphetamine in details

There are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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This medication is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - ADHD. It works by changing the amounts of certain natural substances in the brain. Dextroamphetamine belongs to a class of drugs known as stimulants. It can help increase your ability to pay attention, stay focused on an activity, and control behavior problems. It may also help you to organize your tasks and improve listening skills.

This drug is also used to treat a certain sleeping disorder (narcolepsy) to help you stay awake during the day. It should not be used to treat tiredness or to hold off sleep in people who do not have a sleep disorder.

How to use Das

Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start taking Dextroamphetamine and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually 1-3 times a day. The first dose is usually taken when you wake up in the morning. If more doses are prescribed, take them as directed by your doctor, usually 4-6 hours apart. Taking this medication late in the day may cause trouble sleeping (insomnia).

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Your doctor may adjust your dose to find the dose that is best for you. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully.

Swallow the capsules whole. Do not crush or chew the capsules. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects.

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each day.

During treatment, your doctor may occasionally recommend stopping the medication for a short time to see whether there are any changes in your behavior and whether the medication is still needed.

This medication may cause withdrawal reactions, especially if it has been used regularly for a long time or in high doses. In such cases, withdrawal symptoms (including severe tiredness, sleep problems, mental/mood changes such as depression) may occur if you suddenly stop using this medication. To prevent withdrawal reactions, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details, and report any withdrawal reactions right away.

Along with its benefits, this medication may rarely cause abnormal drug-seeking behavior (addiction). This risk may be increased if you have abused alcohol or drugs in the past. Take this medication exactly as prescribed to lessen the risk of addiction. Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than prescribed. Properly stop this medication when so directed.

When this medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.

Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.

Dextroamphetamine description

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Dextroamphetamine is the dextrorotary stereoisomer of the amphetamine molecule, which can take two different forms. It is a slightly polar, weak base and is lipophilic.

Dextroamphetamine dosage

Amphetamines should be administered at the lowest effective dosage and dosage should be individually adjusted. Late evening doses should be avoided because of the resulting insomnia.

Narcolepsy

Usual dose is 5 to 60 mg per day in divided doses, depending on the individual patient response.

Narcolepsy seldom occurs in children under 12 years of age; however, when it does, Dextroamphetamine may be used. The suggested initial dose for patients aged 6 to 12 is 5 mg daily; daily dose may be raised in increments of 5 mg at weekly intervals until an optimal response is obtained. In patients 12 years of age and older, start with 10 mg daily; daily dosage may be raised in increments of 10 mg at weekly intervals until optimal response is obtained. If bothersome adverse reactions appear (e.g., insomnia or anorexia), dosage should be reduced. Give first dose on awakening; additional doses (1 or 2) at intervals of 4 to 6 hours.

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity

Not recommended for pediatric patients under 3 years of age.

In pediatric patients from 3 to 5 years of age, start with 2.5 mg daily; daily dosage may be raised in increments of 2.5 mg at weekly intervals until optimal response is obtained.

In pediatric patients 6 years of age and older, start with 5 mg once or twice daily; daily dosage may be raised in increments of 5 mg at weekly intervals until optimal response is obtained. Only in rare cases will it be necessary to exceed a total of 40 mg per day.

Give first dose on awakening; additional doses (1 or 2) at intervals of 4 to 6 hours.

Where possible, drug administration should be interrupted occasionally to determine if there is a recurrence of behavioral symptoms sufficient to require continued therapy.

Dextroamphetamine interactions

See also:
What other drugs will affect Dextroamphetamine?

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Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Taking MAO inhibitors with this medication may cause a serious (possibly fatal) drug interaction. Avoid taking MAO inhibitors (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine) during treatment with this medication. Most MAO inhibitors should also not be taken for two weeks before treatment with this medication. Ask your doctor when to start or stop taking this medication.

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as cough-and-cold products, diet aids) because they may contain ingredients that could increase your heart rate or blood pressure. Ask your pharmacist about using these products safely.

Dextroamphetamine is very similar to amphetamine or lisdexamfetamine. Do not use medications containing amphetamine or lisdexamfetamine while using Dextroamphetamine.

This medication may interfere with certain medical/laboratory tests (including blood and urine steroid levels, brain scan for Parkinson's disease), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

Dextroamphetamine side effects

See also:
What are the possible side effects of Dextroamphetamine?

Applies to Dextroamphetamine: oral capsule extended release, oral solution, oral tablet

In addition to its needed effects, some unwanted effects may be caused by Dextroamphetamine. In the event that any of these side effects do occur, they may require medical attention.

Major Side Effects

You should check with your doctor immediately if any of these side effects occur when taking Dextroamphetamine:

Rare

  • Agitation
  • delusions
  • seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
Incidence not known:
  • Blurred vision
  • chest discomfort or pain
  • difficulty breathing
  • dizziness
  • faintness
  • false or unusual sense of well-being
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  • headache
  • pounding in the ears
  • shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
  • swelling of the feet or lower legs
  • trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
  • troubled breathing
  • twitching, twisting, or uncontrolled repetitive movements of tongue, lips, face, arms, or legs
  • unable to sleep
  • uncontrolled vocal outbursts and/or tics (uncontrolled repeated body movements)
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

If any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking Dextroamphetamine, get emergency help immediately:

Symptoms of overdose:

  • Change in consciousness
  • dark-colored urine
  • diarrhea
  • discouragement
  • feeling sad or empty
  • fever
  • irritability
  • lack of appetite
  • loss of consciousness
  • loss of interest or pleasure
  • mood or mental changes
  • muscle cramps or spasms
  • muscle pain or stiffness
  • nausea
  • panic state
  • physical attempt to injure
  • rapid breathing
  • seizures
  • stomach cramps
  • sweating
  • trouble concentrating
  • violent actions
  • vomiting

Minor Side Effects

Some of the side effects that can occur with Dextroamphetamine may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:

Incidence not known:

  • Bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
  • change in taste
  • constipation
  • decreased interest in sexual intercourse
  • dry mouth
  • hives or welts, itching, or skin rash
  • inability to have or keep an erection
  • indigestion
  • loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
  • passing of gas
  • redness of the skin
  • weight loss

Dextroamphetamine contraindications

See also:
What is the most important information I should know about Dextroamphetamine?

Hypersensitivity (eg, angioedema, anaphylaxis) or idiosyncrasy to amphetamine, Dextroamphetamine, other sympathomimetic amines, or any component of the formulation; advanced arteriosclerosis, symptomatic cardiovascular disease, moderate-to-severe hypertension; hyperthyroidism; glaucoma; agitated states; history of drug abuse; during or within 14 days of stopping monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) therapy (including MAOIs such as linezolid or intravenous methylene blue).

Documentation of allergenic cross-reactivity for amphetamines is limited. However, because of similarities in chemical structure and/or pharmacologic actions, the possibility of cross-sensitivity cannot be ruled out with certainty.

Active ingredient matches for Dextroamphetamine:

Dextroamphetamine Sulfate

Dextroamphetamine


Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
Tablet; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 5 mg
Capsule, Extended Release; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 5 mg
Capsule, Extended Release; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 10 mg
Capsule, Extended Release; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 15 mg
Tablet; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 10 mg
Tablet; Oral; 5 mg
Solution; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 5 mg / 5 ml
Tablet; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 15 mg
D-amphetamine sulfate powder$ 900.00
Desoxyn 5 mg tablet$ 5.10
Dexedrine 15 mg 24 Hour Capsule$ 4.22
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate CR 15 mg 24 Hour Capsule$ 3.47
Dexedrine 10 mg 24 Hour Capsule$ 3.23
Dexedrine 5 mg 24 Hour Capsule$ 3.00
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate CR 10 mg 24 Hour Capsule$ 2.96
Dexedrine spansule 15 mg$ 2.45
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate CR 5 mg 24 Hour Capsule$ 2.06
Dexedrine spansule 10 mg$ 1.91
Dexedrine spansule 5 mg$ 1.91
Dexedrine 15 mg Sustained-Release Capsule$ 1.08
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 10 mg tablet$ 0.92
Dexedrine 10 mg Sustained-Release Capsule$ 0.89
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 5 mg tablet$ 0.65
Dexedrine 5 mg Tablet$ 0.62
Dextroamphetamine 10 mg tablet$ 0.56
Dextrostat 10 mg tablet$ 0.48
Dextroamphetamine 5 mg tablet$ 0.28
Dextrostat 5 mg tablet$ 0.25
Dextroamphetamine solution 5 mg/5mL (Tris Pharma Inc (US))

List of Dextroamphetamine substitutes (brand and generic names):

Tablet; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 5 mg
Tablet; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 10 mg
Tablet; Oral; Dextroamphetamine Sulfate 5 mg
Procentra solution 5 mg/5mL (Independence Pharmaceuticals, LLC (US))
Procentra liquid 5 mg/5mL (FSC Laboratories, Inc (US))

References

  1. DailyMed. "DEXTROAMPHETAMINE SULFATE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. PubChem. "dextroamphetamine". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. DrugBank. "dextroamphetamine". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB01576 (accessed September 17, 2018).

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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