When a dose is taken in higher dose than the recommended doses, it is called Overdose. Overdose always needs a clinical supervision. Any medicine or drug when consumed in Overdose produces untoward side effects on one or various organs in the body. A medicine is excreted in the kidney or metabolized in the liver most of the times. This process goes without any hurdles when taken in normal dose, but when taken in an overdose, the body is not able to metabolize it or send it out properly which causes the effects of anoverdose.
Empty stomach promptly by gastric lavage or induction of emesis. Administer standard supportive measures.
Warnings are a mix of Precautions. Contraindications and interactions and serious harmful effects associated with the medicine intake. A diabetic or Hypertensive patient need to be warned about few drug interactions. A known hypersensitivity patient needs to be careful about the reactions or anaphylactic shock. A pregnant woman or a breastfeeding woman should be warned of certain medications. A Hepatitis [liver disease] patient or a cardiac patient should avoid few drugs.
GI disease; renal or hepatic impairment; alcohol-dependent patients; asthma or allergic disorders; haemorrhagic disorders; hypertension; cardiac impairment. Elderly. Caution when driving or operating machinery. Monitor renal and hepatic function and blood counts during long term treatment. Persistently elevated hepatic enzyme levels may require drug withdrawal. Pregnancy, lactation.
Certain people who are very sick or very old or who are sensitive show an exacerbation of side effect of the drug which can turn dangerous at times. So, it is very important to remember the precautions while taking the medicine. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding are also special categories wherein extra care or precaution is needed when taking a drug. Few patients may have a hypersensitivity reaction to few medications, and that can be life-threatening rarely. Penicillin hypersensitivity is one example. Diarrhea, rashes are few other symptoms which need a watch. A patient with other co-existing diseases like liver disease, heart disease, kidney disease should take special precautions.
Dizziness. Individuals receiving long-term treatment should be regularly monitored for renal/liver function & complete blood count. Hepatic porphyria, coagulation disorder, history of peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, cerebrovascular bleeding. Hypovolemia in patients on diuretic therapy. Avoid driving or operating machinery. Mild to moderate impairment of the cardiac, hepatic or renal function in the elderly. Pregnancy & lactation.