Hi Vit 21 Actions

How do you administer this medicine?

Consists of essential Lipids, Multimineral, multivitamins

Actions of Multivitamins (Hi Vit 21) in details

The action of the drug on the human body is called Pharmacodynamics in Medical terminology. To produce its effect and to change the pathological process that is happening the body and to reduce the symptom or cure the disease, the medicine has to function in a specific way. The changes it does to the body at cellular level gives the desired result of treating a disease. Drugs act by stimulating or inhibiting a receptor or an enzyme or a protein most of the times. Medications are produced in such a way that the ingredients target the specific site and bring about chemical changes in the body that can stop or reverse the chemical reaction which is causing the disease.

Pharmacology: Multivitamins (Hi Vit 21) is a multivitamin, multimineral capsule. It contains vitamin A, a fat-soluble vitamin that helps to boost body's immune system and is required for vision, dental development and growth. Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) which is required for ensuring proper calcium absorption and utilization. Thiamine (vitamin B1) is a member of vitamin B complex playing a vital role in carbohydrate metabolism. Riboflavine, nicotinamide and biotin are an important member of vitamin B complex functioning as coenzymes in cellular oxidative processes. Pantothenate, member of vitamin B complex is vital for amino acid and fatty acid metabolism. Pyridoxine plays a vital role in amino acid metabolism. Cyanocobalamine (vitamin B12) and folic acid are vital for nucleic acid synthesis in growing cells especially in red blood cells. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is essential for synthesis of intercellular matrix collagen and it also plays an important role as an antioxidant. Tocopheryl (vitamin E) is an important antioxidant agent, which helps the body to take care of the oxidative stresses.

Some minerals or inorganic elements are considered essential for the human beings according to their relative importance and daily requirements in quantity they can be grouped into major minerals and minor or trace elements. Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and potassium in Multivitamins (Hi Vit 21) are the major minerals, which play a vital role in the maintenance of tissue hemostasis. In addition to these, iodine, copper, cobalt, manganese, zinc, selenium, chromium, molybdenum, boron, nickel, stannus and vanadium are the trace elements, which play an important role to maintain various body functions. Few of them are required to maintain proper functioning of the endocrine glands and others act as cofactors to enzymes which help in various metabolic reactions.

How should I take Multivitamins (Hi Vit 21)?

Administration of drug is important to know because the drug absorption and action varies depending on the route and time of administration of the drug. A medicine is prescribed before meals or after meals or along with meals. The specific timing of the drug intake about food is to increase its absorption and thus its efficacy. Few work well when taken in empty stomach and few medications need to be taken 1 or 2 hrs after the meal. A drug can be in the form of a tablet, a capsule which is the oral route of administration and the same can be in IV form which is used in specific cases. Other forms of drug administration can be a suppository in anal route or an inhalation route.

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Never take more than the recommended dose of a multivitamin. Avoid taking more than one multivitamin product at the same time unless your doctor tells you to. Taking similar vitamin products together can result in a vitamin overdose or serious side effects.

Many multivitamin products also contain minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc. Minerals (especially taken in large doses) can cause side effects such as tooth staining, increased urination, stomach bleeding, uneven heart rate, confusion, and muscle weakness or limp feeling. Read the label of any multivitamin product you take to make sure you are aware of what it contains.

Take your multivitamin with a full glass of water.

The chewable tablet must be chewed before you swallow it.

Measure liquid medicine with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Use Multivitamins (Hi Vit 21) regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the liquid medicine from freezing.

Store Multivitamins (Hi Vit 21) in their original container. Storing Multivitamins (Hi Vit 21) in a glass container can ruin the medication.

Multivitamins (Hi Vit 21) pharmacology

Pharmacokinetics of a drug can be defined as what body does to the drug after it is taken. The therapeutic result of the medicine depends upon the Pharmacokinetics of the drug. It deals with the time taken for the drug to be absorbed, metabolized, the process and chemical reactions involved in metabolism and about the excretion of the drug. All these factors are essential to deciding on the efficacy of the drug. Based on these pharmacokinetic principles, the ingredients, the Pharmaceutical company decides dose and route of administration. The concentration of the drug at the site of action which is proportional to therapeutic result inside the body depends on various pharmacokinetic reactions that occur in the body.

The in vivo synthesis of the major biologically active metabolites of vitamin D occurs in two steps. The first hydroxylation of ergocalciferol takes place in the liver (to 25-hydroxyvitamin D) and the second in the kidneys (to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D). Vitamin D metabolites promote the active absorption of calcium and phosphorus by the small intestine, thus elevating serum calcium and phosphate levels sufficiently to permit bone mineralization. Vitamin D metabolites also mobilize calcium and phosphate from bone and probably increase the reabsorption of calcium and perhaps also of phosphate by the renal tubules.

There is a time lag of 10 to 24 hours between the administration of vitamin D and the initiation of its action in the body due to the necessity of synthesis of the active metabolites in the liver and kidneys. Parathyroid hormone is responsible for the regulation of this metabolism in the kidneys.


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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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