Hydroquinone Uses

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What is Hydroquinone?

Hydroquinone decreases the formation of melanin in the skin. Melanin is the pigment in skin that gives it a brown color.

Hydroquinone topical (for the skin) is used to lighten areas of darkened skin such as freckles, age spots, melasma (sun damage), or chloasma (darkened skin caused by hormonal changes).

Hydroquinone topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Hydroquinone indications

An indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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Hydroquinone 4% CREAMNUQUIN HP 4% CREAM, NUQUIN HP 4% GEL, MELPAQUE HP 4% CREAM, MELQUIN HP 4% CREAM and Hydroquinone (Hydroquinone 3% topical solution) are indicated for the gradual bleaching of hyperpigmented skin conditions such as chloasma, melasma, freckles, senile lentigines and other undesired areas of melanin hyperpigmentation.

How should I use Hydroquinone?

Use Hydroquinone cream as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Hydroquinone cream.

Uses of Hydroquinone in details

There are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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Hydroquinone is used to lighten the dark patches of skin (also called hyperpigmentation, melasma, "liver spots," "age spots," freckles) caused by pregnancy, birth control pills, hormone medicine, or injury to the skin.

This medicine works by blocking the process in the skin that leads to discoloration.

How to use Hydroquinone topical

Follow all directions on the product package, or use as directed by your doctor. Before using, apply a small amount of this medicine to an area of unbroken skin, and check the area within 24 hours for any serious side effects. If the test area is itching, red, puffy, or blistering, do not use this product and contact your doctor. If there is just mild redness, then treatment with this product may begin.

Apply this medication to the affected areas of skin, usually twice daily or as directed by your doctor. This medication is for use on the skin only. If it is used incorrectly, unwanted skin lightening may occur. Avoid getting this product in your eyes or on the inside of your nose or mouth. If you do get this medication in those areas, flush with plenty of water.

This medication may make the treated areas of skin more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing on the treated areas of skin when outdoors.

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same times each day.

Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens after 2 months.

Hydroquinone description

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Hydroquinone is a topical lightening product found in OTC products, and is used to correct skin discoloration associated with disorders of hyperpigmentation including melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmention, sunspots, and freckles. It can be used alone, but is more frequently found in combination with other agents such as alpha-hydroxy acids, corticosteroids, retinoids, or sunscreen. Hydroquinone has come under scrutiny due to several complications associated with its use, including dermal irritation, exogenous onchronosis, and carginogenicity. As a result of these concerns, Hydroquinone has been banned in the EU and UK.

Hydroquinone dosage

Hydroquinone Dosage

Generic name: Hydroquinone 40mg in 1g

Dosage form: gel

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The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Hydroquinone® should be applied to the affected areas twice daily, morning and before bedtime or as directed by a physician.

During and after the use of Hydroquinone®, sun exposure should be limited and a sunscreen agent or protective clothing should be used to cover up the treated areas to prevent regimentation. If no lightening effect is noted after two months of treatment, use of Hydroquinone® should be discontinued. There is no recommended dosage for children under the age of 12 years of age except under the advice and supervision of a physician.

More about Hydroquinone (Hydroquinone topical)

Consumer resources

Other brands: Hydroquinone and Sunscreen, Hydroquinone, Melquin HP, Eldoquin, More... (15)

Professional resources

Related treatment guides

Hydroquinone interactions

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What other drugs will affect Hydroquinone?

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Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor or pharmacist first.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use.

Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.

Hydroquinone side effects

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What are the possible side effects of Hydroquinone?

Mild burning, stinging, redness, and dryness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

If your doctor has prescribed this medication, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Stop using Hydroquinone and tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: blistering, skin cracking, blue-black darkening of the skin.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Hydroquinone contraindications

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What is the most important information I should know about Hydroquinone?

Before using Hydroquinone topical, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have liver or kidney disease.

Do not use Hydroquinone topical on skin that is sunburned, windburned, dry, chapped, or irritated, or on an open wound. It could make these conditions worse. Wait until these conditions have healed before applying Hydroquinone topical.

Avoid getting this medication in your mouth or eyes. If it does get into any of these areas, rinse with water.

Avoid using skin products that can cause irritation, such as harsh soaps, shampoos, or skin cleansers, hair coloring or permanent chemicals, hair removers or waxes, or skin products with alcohol, spices, astringents, or lime. Do not use other medicated skin products unless your doctor has told you to.

Avoid exposure to sunlight or artificial UV rays (sunlamps or tanning beds). Hydroquinone topical can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight and sunburn may result. Use a sunscreen (minimum SPF 15) and wear protective clothing if you must be out in the sun.



Active ingredient matches for Hydroquinone:

Hydroquinone


Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
Hydroquinone cream 40 mg/g (Perrigo New York Inc (US))

List of Hydroquinone substitutes (brand and generic names):

5 % w/v x 50ml (Psyco Remedies.)$ 0.87
Hyne 5% w/v SOLN / 50ml (Psyco Remedies.)$ 0.87
Hyne Skin 50 ml Lotion (Psyco Remedies.)$ 0.87
HYNE topical soln 5 % w/v x 50ml (Psyco Remedies.)$ 1.11
Hyne 5% w/v SOLN / 50ml (Psyco Remedies.)$ 0.87
Hypig Skin 30 gm Cream (Dermocare Laboratories (Guj) Pvt Ltd)$ 0.59
HYPIG 4% CREAM 1 tube / 30 GM cream each (Dermocare Laboratories (Guj) Pvt Ltd)$ 0.95
Hypig 4% Cream (Dermocare Laboratories (Guj) Pvt Ltd)$ 0.95
Interquin 5 % x 15 g (Interbat)$ 1.67
Cream; Topical; Hydroquinone 2% (Aroli-aromes)
Licoforte topical gel 4% 30 g x 1's (Industrial Farmaceutica Cantabria)
Mediquin 5 % x 15 g x 1's (Surya dermato)$ 2.46
Melabest Hydroquinone 2 % w/w, tretinoin 0.025 % w/w, mometasone 0.1 % w/w. CRM / 15g (Mankind)
MELABEST CREAM 1 tube / 15 GM cream each (Mankind)$ 1.74
MELABEST cream 15g (Mankind)
Melabest Cream (Mankind)$ 1.90
Melacare Forte Hydroquinone 4 % w/w, Tretinoin 0.025 % w/w, Mometasone furoate 0.1 % w/w. CRM / 15g (Ajanta)$ 2.30
15g (Ajanta)$ 2.14
MELACARE FORTE cream 15g (Ajanta)$ 2.30
Melacare Forte Cream (Ajanta)$ 3.73
MELACARE PLUS 2% W/W CREAM 1 tube / 20 GM cream each (Ajanta Pharma Ltd)$ 4.60
Melacare-HC Hydroquinone 4 %, tretinoin0.025 %, hydrocortisone 1 %. CRM / 15g (Ajanta)$ 1.51
MELACARE-HC cream 15g (Ajanta)$ 1.51
Melacut Hydroquinone 2 %, Tretinoin0.025 %, Mometasone furoate0.1 %. CRM / 15g (Neiss)$ 1.52
15g (Neiss)$ 1.52
MELACUT cream 15g (Neiss)$ 1.52
MELACUT cream 30g (Neiss)$ 2.76
MELALITE Cream/ Gel/ Ointment / 0.02 / 30gm units (Nicholas Piramal)$ 0.88
MELALITE Cream/ Gel/ Ointment / 0.02 / 50 units (Nicholas Piramal)$ 1.11
Melalite Hydroquinone 2% w/w, Oxybenzone 2.5% w/w, Octinoxate 9% w/w CRM / 30g$ 1.06
Melalite Hydroquinone 2% w/w, Oxybenzone 2.5% w/w, Octinoxate 9% w/w CRM / 50g$ 1.44

References

  1. DailyMed. "FLUOCINOLONE ACETONIDE; HYDROQUINONE; TRETINOIN: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. PubChem. "hydroquinone". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. DrugBank. "hydroquinone". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB09526 (accessed September 17, 2018).

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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