Ketolac Uses

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What is Ketolac?

Ketolac is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Ketolac works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body.

Ketolac ophthalmic (for the eye) is used to relieve eye itching caused by seasonal allergies.

Ketolac ophthalmic is also used to reduce swelling, pain, and burning or stinging after cataract surgery or corneal refractive surgery.

Ketolac ophthalmic may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Ketolac indications

infoAn indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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Carefully consider the potential benefits and risks of Ketolac and other treatment options before deciding to use Ketolac. Use the lowest effective dose for the shortest duration consistent with individual patient treatment goals.

Acute Pain in Adult Patients

Ketolac is indicated for the short-term (≤5 days) management of moderately severe acute pain that requires analgesia at the opioid level, usually in a postoperative setting. Therapy should always be initiated with IV or IM dosing of Ketolac, and oral Ketolac is to be used only as continuation treatment, if necessary.

The total combined duration of use of Ketolac injection and oral Ketolac is not to exceed 5 days of use because of the potential of increasing the frequency and severity of adverse reactions associated with the recommended doses. Patients should be switched to alternative analgesics as soon as possible, but Ketolac therapy is not to exceed 5 days.

Ketolac injection has been used concomitantly with morphine and meperidine and has shown an opioid-sparing effect. For breakthrough pain, it is recommended to supplement the lower end of the Ketolac injection dosage range with low doses of narcotics prn, unless otherwise contraindicated. Ketolac injection and narcotics should not be administered in the same syringe.

How should I use Ketolac?

Use Ketolac spray as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Ketolac spray comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get Ketolac spray refilled.
  • Do not take Ketolac spray by mouth. Use in your nose only.
  • Before you use each bottle for the first time, you must prime it. Remove the clear plastic cover and the blue plastic safety clip. Hold the bottle at arm's length away from you. Using your index and middle fingers on the top of the bottle and your thumb on the bottom of the bottle, press down evenly and release the pump 5 times. The bottle is now ready to use.
  • To use this nose spray, gently blow your nose. Sit up straight or stand and tilt your head forward slightly. Place the tip of the spray container into the nose. Be sure to point the container away from the center of your nose. Breathe gently through the nostril and squeeze the spray container. If your dose requires 2 sprays, repeat the process for your other nostril. Replace the clear plastic cover after each use.
  • Do NOT use Ketolac spray for more than 5 days. Ketolac spray is not for the treatment of mild to moderate or chronic pain (eg, headache).
  • Avoid contact with the eyes. If you get Ketolac spray in your eyes, rinse it out with water. If eye irritation persists for more than 1 hour, contact your doctor.
  • Each bottle contains 1 day's supply of Ketolac spray. Discard each bottle within 24 hours of opening it, even if it still contains some unused medicine.
  • If you miss a dose of Ketolac spray and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Ketolac spray.

Uses of Ketolac in details

infoThere are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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This medication is used to treat eye pain and swelling (inflammation) after cataract surgery. Ketolac belongs to a class of drugs known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It works by blocking certain natural substances in your body to reduce pain and swelling.

How to use Ketolac (PF) ophthalmic

Apply this medication to the affected eye as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily starting 1 day before surgery, continuing on the day of surgery, and then for 2 weeks after surgery.

To apply eye medication, wash your hands first. To avoid contamination, do not touch the dropper tip or let it touch your eye or any other surface.

Do not wear contact lenses while using this medication. Sterilize contact lenses according to the manufacturer's directions, and check with your doctor before you begin using them again.

Tilt your head back, look upward, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Hold the dropper directly over your eye and place one drop into the pouch. Look downward, gently close your eyes, and place one finger at the corner of your eye (near the nose). Apply gentle pressure for 1 to 2 minutes before opening your eyes. This will prevent the medication from draining out. Try not to blink or rub your eye. Wait several minutes for your vision to clear before driving or operating machinery.

For single-use vials, open the vial right before use. After use, discard any remaining solution right away. Do not keep an opened vial for later use.

If you are using another kind of eye medication (such as drops or ointments), wait at least 5 minutes between applying each medication. Use eye drops before eye ointments to allow the drops to enter the eye.

Do not use this medication more often or for longer than directed by your doctor. This medication is usually used only for a short time. Prolonged use may slow or delay healing and may increase your chance of serious side effects.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or if it worsens (for example, you develop worsening eye pain/itching/swelling).

Ketolac description

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A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of morphine. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Ketolac is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

Ketolac dosage

Carefully consider the potential benefits and risks of Ketolac tablets and other treatment options before deciding to use Ketolac tablets. Use the lowest effective dose for the shortest duration consistent with individual patient treatment goals. In adults, the combined duration of use of IV or IM dosing of Ketolac and Ketolac tablets is not to exceed 5 days. In adults, the use of Ketolac tablets is only indicated as continuation therapy to IV or IM dosing of Ketolac.

Transition from IV or IM dosing of Ketolac (single- or multiple-dose) to multiple-dose Ketolac tablets:

Patients age 17 to 64: 20 mg PO once followed by 10 mg q4 to 6 hours prn not > 40 mg/day

Patients age ≥ 65, renally impaired, and/or weight < 50 kg (110 lbs): 10 mg PO once followed by 10 mg q4 to 6 hours prn not > 40 mg/day

Note:

Oral formulation should not be given as an initial dose.

Use minimum effective dose for the individual patient.

Do not shorten dosing interval of 4 to 6 hours.

Total duration of treatment in adult patients: the combined duration of use of IV or IM dosing of Ketolac and Ketolac tablets is not to exceed 5 days.

The following table summarizes Ketolac tablet dosing instructions in terms of age group:

Table 4: Summary of Dosing Instructions

Patient Population

Ketolac Tablets (following IV or IM dosing of Ketolac)

Age < 17 years

Oral not approved

Adult Age 17 to 64 years

20 mg once, then 10 mg q4 to 6 hours prn not > 40 mg/day

Adult Age ≥ 65 years, renally impaired, and/or weight < 50 kg

10 mg once, then 10 mg q4 to 6 hours prn not > 40 mg/day

Ketolac interactions

See also:
What other drugs will affect Ketolac?

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Ketolac is highly bound to human plasma protein (mean 99.2%). There is no evidence in animal or human studies that Ketolac induces or inhibits hepatic enzymes capable of metabolizing itself or other drugs.

Warfarin, Digoxin, Salicylate, And Heparin

The in vitro binding of warfarin to plasma proteins is only slightly reduced by Ketolac (99.5% control vs. 99.3%) when Ketolac plasma concentrations reach 5 to 10 mcg/mL. Ketolac does not alter digoxin protein binding. In vitro studies indicate that, at therapeutic concentrations of salicylate (300 mcg/mL), the binding of Ketolac was reduced from approximately 99.2% to 97.5%, representing a potential twofold increase in unbound Ketolac plasma levels. Therapeutic concentrations of digoxin, warfarin, ibuprofen, naproxen, piroxicam, acetaminophen, phenytoin, and tolbutamide did not alter Ketolac protein binding.

The effects of warfarin and NSAIDs, in general, on GI bleeding are synergistic, such that the users of both drugs together have a risk of serious GI bleeding higher than the users of either drug alone.

Aspirin

When Ketolac is administered with aspirin, its protein binding is reduced, although the clearance of free Ketolac is not altered. The clinical significance of this interaction is not known; however, as with other NSAIDs, concomitant administration of Ketolac and aspirin is not generally recommended because of the potential of increased adverse effects.

Diuretics

Clinical studies, as well as postmarketing observations, have shown that Ketolac can reduce the natriuretic effect of furosemide and thiazides in some patients. This response has been attributed to inhibition of renal prostaglandin synthesis. During concomitant therapy with Ketolac, observe the patient closely for signs of renal failure, as well as to assure diuretic efficacy.

Probenecid

Concomitant administration of oral Ketolac and probenecid resulted in decreased clearance and volume of distribution of Ketolac and significant increases in Ketolac plasma levels (total AUC increased approximately threefold from 5.4 to 17.8 mcg/h/mL), and terminal half-life increased approximately twofold from 6.6 to 15.1 hours. Therefore, concomitant use of Ketolac and probenecid is contraindicated.

Lithium

NSAIDs have produced an elevation of plasma lithium levels and a reduction in renal lithium clearance. The mean minimum lithium concentration increased 15%, and the renal clearance was decreased by approximately 20%. These effects have been attributed to inhibition of renal prostaglandin synthesis by the NSAID. Thus, when Ketolac and lithium are administered concurrently, observe patients carefully for signs of lithium toxicity.

Methotrexate

NSAIDs have been reported to competitively inhibit methotrexate accumulation in rabbit kidney slices. This may indicate that they could enhance the toxicity of methotrexate. Use caution when Ketolac is administered concomitantly with methotrexate.

ACE Inhibitors/Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists

Concomitant use of ACE inhibitors and/or angiotensin II receptor antagonists may increase the risk of renal impairment, particularly in volume-depleted patients. Reports suggest that NSAIDs may diminish the antihypertensive effect of ACE inhibitors and/or angiotensin II receptor antagonists. Consider this interaction in patients taking Ketolac concomitantly with ACE inhibitors and/or angiotensin II receptor antagonists.

Antiepileptic Drugs

Sporadic cases of seizures have been reported during concomitant use of Ketolac and antiepileptic drugs (phenytoin, carbamazepine).

Psychoactive Drugs

Hallucinations have been reported when Ketolac was used in patients taking psychoactive drugs (fluoxetine, thiothixene, alprazolam).

Pentoxifylline

When Ketolac is administered concurrently with pentoxifylline, there is an increased tendency to bleeding. Therefore, concomitant use of Ketolac and Pentoxifylline is contraindicated.

Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants

In postmarketing experience there have been reports of a possible interaction between Ketolac and nondepolarizing muscle relaxants that resulted in apnea. The concurrent use of Ketolac with muscle relaxants has not been formally studied.

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

There is an increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding when selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are combined with NSAIDs. Use caution when Ketolac is administered concomitantly with SSRIs.

Fluticasone

The rate and extent of absorption of Ketolac from Ketolac administration (31.5 mg dose) were assessed in subjects with allergic rhinitis before and after the administration of a single daily dose of 200 mcg (as 2 x 50 mcg in each nostril) of fluticasone propionate nasal spray for 7 consecutive days. There was no effect on the pharmacokinetic characteristics of Ketolac that can be considered clinically significant.

Oxymetazoline

The rate and extent of absorption of Ketolac from Ketolac administration were assessed in subjects with allergic rhinitis before and 30 min after a single dose (3 sprays in each nostril) of oxymetazoline hydrochloride nasal spray. There was no effect on the pharmacokinetic characteristics of Ketolac that can be considered clinically significant.

Drug Abuse And Dependence

Ketolac does not bind to opiate receptors. A study to evaluate the sedative and addictive potential of Ketolac in volunteers showed no withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of dosing with Ketolac 30 mg IM 4 times daily for 5 days. A single-dose clinical study of IM Ketolac showed no significant adverse effects on psychomotor measurements, including reaction time, computerized driving skills, ataxia, and sedation.

Ketolac side effects

See also:
What are the possible side effects of Ketolac?

Adverse reaction rates increase with higher doses of Ketolac (Ketolac). Practitioners should be alert for the severe complications of treatment with Ketolac (Ketolac), such as GI ulceration, bleeding and perforation, postoperative bleeding, acute renal failure, anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions and liver failure. These NSAID-related complications can be serious in certain patients for whom Ketolac (Ketolac) is indicated, especially when the drug is used inappropriately.

In patients taking Ketolac (Ketolac) or other NSAIDs in clinical trials, the most frequently reported adverse experiences in approximately 1% to 10% of patients are:

Gastrointestinal (GI) experiences including:
abdominal pain* constipation/diarrhea dyspepsia*
flatulence GI fullness GI ulcers (gastric/duodenal)
gross bleeding/perforation Heartburn nausea*
stomatitis Vomiting
Other experiences:
abnormal renal function Anemia dizziness
drowsiness Edema elevated liver enzymes
headaches* Hypertension increased bleeding time
injection site pain Pruritus purpura
rashes Tinnitus sweating
*Incidence greater than 10%

Additional adverse experiences reported occasionally ( < 1% in patients taking Ketolac (Ketolac) or other NSAIDs in clinical trials) include:

Body as a Whole: fever, infections, sepsis

Cardiovascular: congestive heart failure, palpitation, pallor, tachycardia, syncope

Dermatologic: alopecia, photosensitivity, urticaria

Gastrointestinal: anorexia, dry mouth, eructation, esophagitis, excessive thirst, gastritis, glossitis, hematemesis, hepatitis, increased appetite, jaundice, melena, rectal bleeding

Hemic and Lymphatic: ecchymosis, eosinophilia, epistaxis, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia

Metabolic and Nutritional: weight change

Nervous System: abnormal dreams, abnormal thinking, anxiety, asthenia, confusion, depression, euphoria, extrapyramidal symptoms, hallucinations, hyperkinesis, inability to concentrate, insomnia, nervousness, paresthesia, somnolence, stupor, tremors, vertigo, malaise

Reproductive, female: infertility

Respiratory: asthma, cough, dyspnea, pulmonary edema, rhinitis

Special Senses: abnormal taste, abnormal vision, blurred vision, hearing loss

Urogenital: cystitis, dysuria, hematuria, increased urinary frequency, interstitial nephritis, oliguria/polyuria, proteinuria, renal failure, urinary retention

Other rarely observed reactions (reported from postmarketing experience in patients taking Ketolac (Ketolac) or other NSAIDs) are:

Body as a Whole: angioedema, death, hypersensitivity reactions such as anaphylaxis, anaphylactoid reaction, laryngeal edema, tongue edema, myalgia

Cardiovascular: arrhythmia, bradycardia, chest pain, flushing, hypotension, myocardial infarction, vasculitis

Dermatologic: exfoliative dermatitis, erythema multiforme, Lyell's syndrome, bullous reactions including Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis

Gastrointestinal: acute pancreatitis, liver failure, ulcerative stomatitis, exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease)

Hemic and Lymphatic: agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, lymphadenopathy, pancytopenia, postoperative wound hemorrhage (rarely requiring blood transfusion - see BOXED WARNING, WARNINGS, and PRECAUTIONS)

Metabolic and Nutritional: hyperglycemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia

Nervous System: aseptic meningitis, convulsions, coma, psychosis

Respiratory: bronchospasm, respiratory depression, pneumonia

Special Senses: conjunctivitis

Urogenital: flank pain with or without hematuria and/or azotemia, hemolytic uremic syndrome

Postmarketing Surveillance Study

A large postmarketing observational, nonrandomized study, involving approximately 10,000 patients receiving Ketolac tromethamineA.

A. Adult Patients Without History of PUB
Age of Patients Total Daily Dose of Ketolac TromethamineIV/IM
≤ 60 mg > 60 to 90 mg > 90 to 120 mg > 120 mg
< 65 years of age 0.4% 0.4% 0.9% 4.6%
≥ 65 years of age 1.2% 2.8% 2.2% 7.7%
B. Adult Patients With History of PUB
Age of Patients Total Daily Dose of Ketolac TromethamineIV/IM
≤ 60 mg > 60 to 90 mg > 90 to 120 mg > 120 mg
< 65 years of age 2.1% 4.6% 7.8% 15.4%
≥ 65 years of age 4.7% 3.7% 2.8% 25.0%

Ketolac contraindications

See also:
What is the most important information I should know about Ketolac?

Ketolac is contraindicated in patients with previously demonstrated hypersensitivity to Ketolac.

Ketolac is contraindicated in patients with active peptic ulcer disease, in patients with recent gastrointestinal bleeding or perforation and in patients with a history of peptic ulcer disease or gastrointestinal bleeding.

Ketolac should not be given to patients who have experienced asthma, urticaria, or allergic-type reactions after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs. Severe, rarely fatal, anaphylactic-like reactions to NSAIDs have been reported in such patients.

Ketolac is contraindicated as prophylactic analgesic before any major surgery.

Ketolac is contraindicated for the treatment of peri-operative pain in the setting of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.

Ketolac is contraindicated in patients with advanced renal impairment or in patients at risk for renal failure due to volume depletion.

Ketolac is contraindicated in labor and delivery because, through its prostaglandin synthesis inhibitory effect, it may adversely affect fetal circulation and inhibit uterine musculature, thus increasing the risk of uterine hemorrhage.

Ketolac inhibits platelet function and is, therefore, contraindicated in patients with suspected or confirmed cerebrovascular bleeding, hemorrhagic diathesis, incomplete hemostasis and those at high risk of bleeding.

Ketolac is contraindicated in patients currently receiving aspirin or NSAIDs because of the cumulative risks of inducing serious NSAID-related adverse events.

The concomitant use of Ketolac and probenecid is contraindicated.

The concomitant use of Ketolac and pentoxifylline is contraindicated.

Ketolac injection is contraindicated for neuraxial (epidural or intrathecal) administration due to its alcohol content.



Active ingredient matches for Ketolac:

Ketorolac in Venezuela.

Ketorolac tromethamine in Thailand.

Ketorolac Topical


Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
Ketolac 30 mg/1 mL x 10's
KETOLAC 0.5% EYE DROP 1 packet / 5 ML eye drop each (Nri Vision Care Pvt Ltd)$ 0.79
Ketolac inj 30 mg/mL 10 x 1's (American Taiwan Biopharm)
Ketolac 0.5% Eye Drop (Nri Vision Care Pvt Ltd)$ 0.79

List of Ketolac substitutes (brand and generic names):

Ketohealth I.V 30 mg/1 mL x 10 tube x 1 mL
KETOLAC LD EYE DROP 1 packet / 5 ML eye drop each (Nri Vision Care Pvt Ltd)$ 0.79
10 mg x 100's (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 3.89
30 mg x 1 mL x 10's (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 2.14
Ketolas 10 mg Tablet (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.04
Ketolas 30 mg Injection (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.21
Ketolas Eye 10 ml Drop (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.46
Ketolas 10mg TAB / 10 (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.39
Ketolas 30mg x 1mL INJ / 1ml (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.21
KETOLAS dispertab 10 mg x 10's (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.71
KETOLAS inj 30 mg x 1 mL x 1ml (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.30
Ketolas 10mg TAB / 10 (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.39
Ketolas 30mg x 1mL INJ / 1ml (Dallas Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.21
0.5 % w/v x 10ml (Dallas)$ 0.46
Ketolas Eye DPS 0.5% w/v EYE DPS / 10ml (Dallas)$ 0.46
KETOLAS EYE DPS eye drops 0.5 % w/v x 10ml (Dallas)$ 0.46
Ketolas Eye DPS 0.5% w/v EYE DPS / 10ml (Dallas)$ 0.46
Ketolead Tablet (Health Guard (India) Pvt. Ltd.)$ 0.06
Ketonic 10mg TAB / 10 (Abbott Healthcare Pvt Ltd (AHPL))$ 0.29
10 mg x 10's (Abbott Healthcare Pvt Ltd (AHPL))$ 0.29
Tablets; Oral; Ketorolac Tromethamine 10 mg (Abbott Healthcare Pvt Ltd (AHPL))
Ketonic 10 mg Tablet (Abbott Healthcare Pvt Ltd (AHPL))$ 0.03
KETONIC tab 10 mg x 10's (Abbott Healthcare Pvt Ltd (AHPL))$ 0.29
Ketonic 10mg Tablet (Abbott Healthcare Pvt Ltd (AHPL))$ 0.03
Ketopain / amp 30 mg/1 mL x 1 mL x 5's (Soho)$ 18.60
KETOPHER TABLET 1 strip / 10 tablets each (Bennet Pharmaceuticals Limited)$ 0.63
Ketopher 10mg Tablet (Bennet Pharmaceuticals Limited)$ 0.06
Ketorac 10 mg x 10 Blister x 10 Tablet
Ketored 5 ml Drop (Redson Labs Pvt Ltd)$ 0.51
Ketoriv 10 mg Tablet (East African (I) Remedies Pvt Ltd)$ 0.04

References

  1. PubChem. "ketorolac". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. DrugBank. "ketorolac". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00465 (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. MeSH. "Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors". https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/68... (accessed September 17, 2018).

Reviews

The results of a survey conducted on ndrugs.com for Ketolac are given in detail below. The results of the survey conducted are based on the impressions and views of the website users and consumers taking Ketolac. We implore you to kindly base your medical condition or therapeutic choices on the result or test conducted by a physician or licensed medical practitioners.

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3 consumers reported age

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> 601
33.3%
30-451
33.3%
46-601
33.3%


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