Licoprima Uses

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What is Licoprima?

Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) and Trimethoprim (Licoprima) combination is used to treat infections such as urinary tract infections, middle ear infections (otitis media), bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea, and shigellosis (bacillary dysentery). Licoprima is also used to prevent or treat Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia or Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), a very serious kind of pneumonia. This type of pneumonia occurs more commonly in patients whose immune systems are not working normally, such as cancer patients, transplant patients, and patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) and Trimethoprim (Licoprima) combination is an antibiotic. It works by eliminating the bacteria that cause many kinds of infections. Licoprima will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

Licoprima is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Licoprima indications

infoAn indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Licoprima and other antibacterial drugs, Licoprima should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Urinary Tract Infections

For the treatment of urinary tract infections due to susceptible strains of the following organisms: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella species, Enterobacter species, Morganella morganii, Proteus mirabilis, and Proteus vulgaris. It is recommended that initial episodes of uncomplicated urinary tract infections be treated with a single effective antibacterial agent rather than the combination.

Acute Otitis Media

For the treatment of acute otitis media in pediatric patients due to susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae when, in the judgment of the physician, Licoprima offers some advantage over the use of other antimicrobial agents. To date, there is limited data on the safety of repeated use of Licoprima in pediatric patients under two years of age. Licoprima is not indicated for prophylactic or prolonged administration in otitis media at any age.

Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis in Adults

For the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis due to susceptible strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae when, a physician deems that, Licoprima could offer some advantage over the use of a single antimicrobial agent.

Travelers' Diarrhea in Adults

For the treatment of travelers' diarrhea due to susceptible strains of enterotoxigenic E. coli.

Shigellosis

For the treatment of enteritis caused by susceptible strains of Shigella flexneri and Shigella sonnei when antibacterial therapy is indicated.

Pneumocystis jiroveci Pneumonia

For the treatment of documented Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia. For prophylaxis against Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in individuals who are immunosuppressed and considered to be at an increased risk of developing Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia.

How should I use Licoprima?

Use Licoprima suspension as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Take Licoprima suspension by mouth with or without food.
  • Shake well before each use.
  • Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose.
  • Licoprima suspension works best if it is taken at the same time(s) each day.
  • Take Licoprima suspension with a full glass of water (8 oz [240 mL]). Drinking extra fluids while you are taking Licoprima suspension is recommended. Check with your doctor for instructions.
  • To clear up your infection completely, take Licoprima suspension for the full course of treatment. Keep taking it even if you feel better in a few days.
  • If you are using Licoprima suspension to prevent an infection, continue to take it even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
  • If you miss a dose of Licoprima suspension, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Licoprima suspension.

Uses of Licoprima in details

infoThere are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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This medication is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It is also used to treat a certain type of pneumonia (pneumocystis pneumonia) in patients with a weakened immune system. This medication is a combination of 2 antibiotics: Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) and Trimethoprim (Licoprima). It works by stopping the growth of bacteria and the pneumocystis fungus.

How to use Licoprima intravenous

This medication is given by injection into a vein as directed by your doctor. It is given by slow infusion over 60 to 90 minutes. Dosage is based on your medical condition, weight, and response to treatment.

If you are giving this medication to yourself at home, learn all preparation and usage instructions from your health care professional. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the liquid. Learn how to store and discard medical supplies safely.

Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication to lower the unlikely risk of kidney stones forming, unless your doctor advises you otherwise.

Antibiotics work best when the amount of medicine in your body is kept at a constant level. Therefore, use this drug at evenly spaced intervals.

Continue to use this medication for the full time prescribed, even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may allow bacteria to continue to grow, which may result in a return of the infection.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Licoprima description

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A pyrimidine inhibitor of dihydrofolate reductase, it is an antibacterial related to pyrimethamine. The interference with folic acid metabolism may cause a depression of hematopoiesis. It is potentiated by sulfonamides and the Trimethoprim (Licoprima)-Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) combination is the form most often used. It is sometimes used alone as an antimalarial. Trimethoprim (Licoprima) resistance has been reported.

Licoprima dosage

Contraindicated in pediatric patients less than 2 months of age.

Urinary Tract Infections and Shigellosis in Adults and Pediatric Patients and Acute Otitis Media in Pediatric Patients:

Adults: The usual adult dosage in the treatment of urinary tract infections is one Licoprima DS (double strength) tablet, two Licoprima tablets, or four teaspoonfuls (20 mL) Licoprima Suspension every 12 hours for 10 to 14 days. An identical daily dosage is used for 5 days in the treatment of shigellosis.

Pediatric Patients: The recommended dose for pediatric patients with urinary tract infections or acute otitis media is 8 mg/kg Trimethoprim (Licoprima) and 40 mg/kg Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) per 24 hours, given in two divided doses every 12 hours for 10 days. An identical daily dosage is used for 5 days in the treatment of shigellosis. The following table is a guideline for the attainment of this

Dosage:

Pediatric Patients: Two Months of Age or Older
Weight Dose-Every 12 Hours
lb kg Teaspoonfuls Tablets
22 10 1 (5 mL)
44 20 2 (10 mL) 1
66 30 3 (15 mL) 1 1/2
88 40 4 (20 mL) 2 (or 1 DS Tablet)

For Patients With Impaired Renal Function: When renal function is impaired, a reduced dosage should be employed using the following table:

Creatinine Recommended
Clearance Dosage
(mL/min) Regimen
Above 30 Use Standard Regimen
15-30 1/2 the Usual Regimen
Below 15 Use Not Recommended

Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis in Adults:

The usual adult dosage in the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis is one Licoprima DS (double strength) tablet, two Licoprima tablets, or four teaspoonfuls (20 mL) Licoprima Suspension every 12 hours for 14 days.

Travelers' Diarrhea in Adults:

For the treatment of travelers' diarrhea, the usual adult dosage is one Licoprima DS (double strength) tablet, two Licoprima tablets, or four teaspoonfuls (20 mL) of Licoprima Suspension every 12 hours for 5 days.

Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia:

Treatment:

Adults and Pediatric Patients: The recommended dosage for treatment of patients with documented Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia is 15 to 20 mg/kg Trimethoprim (Licoprima) and 75 to 100 mg/kg Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) per 24 hours given in equally divided doses every 6 hours for 14 to 21 days. The following table is a guideline for the upper limit of this

Dosage:

Weight Dose – Every 6 Hours
lb kg Teaspoonfuls Tablets
18 8 1 (5 mL)
35 16 2 (10 mL) 1
53 24 3 (15 mL) 1 1⁄2
70 32 4 (20 mL) 2 (or 1 DS Tablet)
88 40 5 (25 mL) 2 1⁄2
106 48 6 (30 mL) 3 (or 1 1⁄2 DS Tablets)
141 64 8 (40 mL) 4 (or 2 DS Tablets)
176 80 10 (50 mL) 5 (or 2 1⁄2 DS Tablets)

For the lower limit dose (15 mg/kg Trimethoprim (Licoprima) and 75 mg/kg Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) per 24 hours) administer 75% of the dose in the above table.

Prophylaxis:

Adults: The recommended dosage for prophylaxis in adults is one Licoprima DS (double strength) tablet daily.

Pediatric Patients: For pediatric patients, the recommended dose is 150 mg/m2/day Trimethoprim (Licoprima) with 750 mg/m2/day Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) given orally in equally divided doses twice a day, on 3 consecutive days per week. The total daily dose should not exceed 320 mg Trimethoprim (Licoprima) and 1,600 mg Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima). The following table is a guideline for the attainment of this dosage in pediatric patients:

Body Surface Area Dose–every 12 hours
(m2) Teaspoonfuls Tablets
0.26 1⁄2 (2.5 mL)
0.53 1 (5 mL) 1⁄2
1.06 2 (10 mL) 1

Licoprima interactions

See also:
What other drugs will affect Licoprima?

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Potential for Licoprima to Affect Other Drugs

Trimethoprim (Licoprima) is an inhibitor of CYP2C8 as well as OCT2 transporter. Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) is an inhibitor of CYP2C9. Caution is recommended when Licoprima is co-administered with drugs that are substrates of CYP2C8 and 2C9 or OCT2.

In elderly patients concurrently receiving certain diuretics, primarily thiazides, an increased incidence of thrombocytopenia with purpura has been reported.

It has been reported that Licoprima may prolong the prothrombin time in patients who are receiving the anticoagulant warfarin (a CYP2C9 substrate). This interaction should be kept in mind when Licoprima is given to patients already on anticoagulant therapy, and the coagulation time should be reassessed.

Licoprima may inhibit the hepatic metabolism of phenytoin (a CYP2C9 substrate). Licoprima, given at a common clinical dosage, increased the phenytoin half-life by 39% and decreased the phenytoin metabolic clearance rate by 27%. When administering these drugs concurrently, one should be alert for possible excessive phenytoin effect.

Sulfonamides can also displace methotrexate from plasma protein binding sites and can compete with the renal transport of methotrexate, thus increasing free methotrexate concentrations.

There have been reports of marked but reversible nephrotoxicity with coadministration of Licoprima and cyclosporine in renal transplant recipients.

Increased digoxin blood levels can occur with concomitant Licoprima therapy, especially in elderly patients. Serum digoxin levels should be monitored.

Increased Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) blood levels may occur in patients who are also receiving indomethacin.

Occasional reports suggest that patients receiving pyrimethamine as malaria prophylaxis in doses exceeding 25 mg weekly may develop megaloblastic anemia if Licoprima is prescribed.

The efficacy of tricyclic antidepressants can decrease when coadministered with Licoprima.

Licoprima potentiates the effect of oral hypoglycemics that are metabolized by CYP2C8 (e.g., pioglitazone, repaglinide, and rosiglitazone) or CYP2C9 (e.g., glipizide and glyburide) or eliminated renally via OCT2 (e.g., metformin). Additional monitoring of blood glucose may be warranted.

In the literature, a single case of toxic delirium has been reported after concomitant intake of Licoprima and amantadine (an OCT2 substrate). Cases of interactions with other OCT2 substrates, memantine and metformin, have also been reported.

In the literature, three cases of hyperkalemia in elderly patients have been reported after concomitant intake of Licoprima and an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

Licoprima, specifically the Trimethoprim (Licoprima) component, can interfere with a serum methotrexate assay as determined by the competitive binding protein technique (CBPA) when a bacterial dihydrofolate reductase is used as the binding protein. No interference occurs, however, if methotrexate is measured by a radioimmunoassay (RIA).

The presence of Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) and Trimethoprim (Licoprima) may also interfere with the Jaffé alkaline picrate reaction assay for creatinine, resulting in overestimations of about 10% in the range of normal values.

Licoprima side effects

See also:
What are the possible side effects of Licoprima?

The most common adverse effects are gastrointestinal disturbances (nausea, vomiting, anorexia) and allergic skin reactions (such as rash and urticaria). FATALITIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE ADMINISTRATION OF SULFONAMIDES, ALTHOUGH RARE, HAVE OCCURRED DUE TO SEVERE REACTIONS, INCLUDING STEVENS-JOHNSON SYNDROME, TOXIC EPIDERMAL NECROLYSIS, FULMINANT HEPATIC NECROSIS, AGRANULOCYTOSIS, APLASTIC ANEMIA, OTHER BLOOD DYSCRASIAS, AND HYPERSENSITIVITY OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT.

Hematologic:

Agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, neutropenia, hemolytic anemia, megaloblastic anemia, hypoprothrombinemia, methemoglobinemia, eosinophilia.

Allergic:

Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, anaphylaxis, allergic myocarditis, erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, angioedema, drug fever, chills, Henoch- Schönlein purpura, serum sickness-like syndrome, generalized allergic reactions, generalized skin eruptions, photosensitivity, conjunctival and scleral injection, pruritus, urticaria, and rash. In addition, periarteritis nodosa and systemic lupus erythematosus have been reported.

Gastrointestinal:

Hepatitis, including cholestatic jaundice and hepatic necrosis, elevation of serum transaminase and bilirubin, pseudo-membranous enterocolitis, pancreatitis, stomatitis, glossitis, nausea, emesis, abdominal pain, diarrhea, anorexia.

Genitourinary:

Renal failure, interstitial nephritis, BUN and serum creatinine elevation, toxic nephrosis with oliguria and anuria, and crystalluria.

Metabolic:

Hyperkalemia, hyponatremia.

Neurologic:

Aseptic meningitis, convulsions, peripheral neuritis, ataxia, vertigo, tinnitus, headache.

Psychiatric:

Hallucinations, depression, apathy, nervousness.

Endocrine:

The sulfonamides bear certain chemical similarities to some goitrogens, diuretics (acetazolamide and the thiazides), and oral hypoglycemic agents. Cross-sensitivity may exist with these agents. Diuresis and hypoglycemia have occurred rarely in patients receiving sulfonamides.

Musculoskeletal:

Arthralgia and myalgia. Isolated cases of rhabdomyolosis have been reported with Licoprima, mainly in AIDS patients.

Respiratory System:

Cough, shortness of breath, and pulmonary infiltrates.

Miscellaneous:

Weakness, fatigue, insomnia.

Licoprima contraindications

See also:
What is the most important information I should know about Licoprima?

Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) and Trimethoprim (Licoprima) is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to Trimethoprim (Licoprima), USP or sulfonamides, in patients with a history of drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia with use of Trimethoprim (Licoprima), USP and/or sulfonamides, and in patients with documented megaloblastic anemia due to folate deficiency.

Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) and Trimethoprim (Licoprima) is contraindicated in pediatric patients less than 2 months of age. Sulfamethoxazole (Licoprima) and Trimethoprim (Licoprima) is also contraindicated in patients with marked hepatic damage or with severe renal insufficiency when renal function status cannot be monitored.

Active ingredient matches for Licoprima:

Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim in Indonesia.

Co-trimoxazole in Indonesia.

Co-trimoxazole: Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim in Indonesia.


Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
Licoprima 10 x 10's$ 8.18
Licoprima 60 mL x 1's$ 0.97

List of Licoprima substitutes (brand and generic names):

Lextrizole 1000 Tablet
Lykaprime-DS 10 Blister x 10 Tablet
Lyseptol 480 5 Blister x 20 Tablet
M-Moxa 1, 000's$ 23.03
M-trim 500's
M-trim 60 mL
Macromed 100's (Medgen)$ 16.22
Macromed / orange flavor 60 mL (Medgen)$ 1.67
Macromed / cherry flavor 60 mL (Medgen)$ 3.33
Mano-Trim 500's (Lam thong)
Mano-Trim Forte 1, 000's (Lam thong)
Mano-Trim 1, 000's (Lam thong)
Maxitrin 1000's (Dipa)
Maxitrin 60 mL x 12's (Dipa)
Maxtrim 60 mL (Bms)
Maxtrim-F 500's
Medcotrim 50 mL
Syrup; Oral; Sulfamethoxazole; Trimethoprim (Medika)
Tablet; Oral; Sulfamethoxazole; Trimethoprim (Medika)

References

  1. DailyMed. "SULFAMETHOXAZOLE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. DailyMed. "POLYMYXIN B SULFATE; TRIMETHOPRIM SULFATE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. PubChem. "trimethoprim". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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