Pehacort Uses

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What is Pehacort?

Pehacort is a steroid. Pehacort prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. Pehacort also suppresses the immune system.

Pehacort is used as an anti-inflammatory or an immunosuppressant medication. Pehacort treats many different conditions such as allergic disorders, skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, lupus, psoriasis, or breathing disorders.

Pehacort may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Pehacort indications

An indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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Pehacort (Pehacort) Tablets are indicated in the following conditions:

  1. Endocrine Disorders

    Primary or secondary adrenocortical insufficiency

    (hydrocortisone or cortisone is the first choice; synthetic analogs may be used in conjunction with mineralocorticoids where applicable; in infancy mineralocorticoid supplementation is of particular importance)

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

    Hypercalcernia associated with cancer

    Nonsuppurative thyroiditis

  2. Rheumatic Disorders

    As adjunctive therapy for short-term administration

    (to tide the patient over an acute episode or exacerbation) in:

    Psoriatic arthritis

    Rheumatoid arthritis, including juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

    (selected cases may require low-dose maintenance therapy)

    Ankylosing spondylitis

    Acute and subacute bursitis

    Acute nonspecific tenosynovitis

    Acute gouty arthritis

    Post-traumatic osteoarthritis

    Synovitis of osteoarthritis

    Epicondylitis

  3. Collagen Diseases

    During an exacerbation or as maintenance therapy in selected cases of:

    Systemic lupus erythematosus

    Systemic-dermatomyositis (polymyositis)

    Acute rheumatic carditis

  4. Dermatologic Diseases

    Pemphigus

    Bullous dermatitis herpetiformis

    Severe erythema multiforme

    (Stevens-Johnson syndrome)

    Exfoliative dermatitis

    Mycosis fungoides

    Severe psoriasis

    Severe seborrheic dermatitis

  5. Allergic States

    Control of severe or incapacitating allergic conditions intractable to adequate trials of conventional treatment:

    Seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis

    Bronchial asthma

    Contact dermatitis

    Atopic dermatitis

    Serum sickness

    Drug hypersensitivity reactions

  6. Ophthalmic Diseases

    Severe acute and chronic allergic and inflammatory processes involving the eye and its adnexa such as:

    Allergic cornea marginal ulcers

    Herpes zoster ophthalmicus

    Anterior segment inflammation

    Diffuse posterior uveitis and choroiditis

    Sympathetic ophthalmia

    Allergic conjunctivitis

    Keratitis

    Chorioretinitis

    Optic neuritis

    Iritis and iridocyclitis

  7. Respiratory Diseases

    Symptomatic sarcoidosis

    Loeffler's syndrome not manageable by other means

    Berylliosis

    Fulminating or disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis when used concurrently with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy

    Aspiration pneumonitis

  8. Hematologic Disorders

    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in adults

    Secondary thrombocytopenia in adults

    Acquired (autoimmune) hemolytic anemia

    Erythroblastopenia (RBC anemia)

    Congenital (erythroid) hypoplastic anemia

  9. Neoplastic Diseases For palliative management of:

    Leukemias and lymphomas in adults

    Acute leukemia of childhood

  10. Edematous States

    To induce a diuresis or remission of proteinuria in the nephrotic syndrome, without uremia, of the idiopathic type or that due to lupus erythematosus

  11. Gastrointestinal Diseases

    To tide the patient over a critical period of the disease in:

    Ulcerative colitis

    Regional enteritis

  12. Nervous System

    Acute exacerbations of multiple sclerosis

  13. Miscellaneous

    Tuberculous meningitis with subarachnoid block or impending block when used concurrently with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy

    Trichinosis with neurologic or myocardial involvement

How should I use Pehacort?

Use Pehacort delayed-release tablets as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Take Pehacort delayed-release tablets by mouth with food.
  • Swallow Pehacort delayed-release tablets whole. Do not break, crush, chew, or divide before swallowing.
  • Do not suddenly stop taking Pehacort delayed-release tablets without checking with your doctor. You may have an increased risk of side effects. If you need to stop Pehacort delayed-release tablets, your doctor may gradually lower your dose.
  • If you miss a dose of Pehacort delayed-release tablets, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Pehacort delayed-release tablets.

Uses of Pehacort in details

There are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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Pehacort is used to treat conditions such as arthritis, blood disorders, breathing problems, severe allergies, skin diseases, cancer, eye problems, and immune system disorders. Pehacort belongs to a class of drugs known as corticosteroids. It decreases your immune system's response to various diseases to reduce symptoms such as swelling and allergic-type reactions.

How to use Pehacort

Take this medication by mouth, with food or milk to prevent stomach upset, as directed by your doctor. Take the tablet form of this medication with a full glass of water (8 ounces/240 milliliters) unless your doctor directs you otherwise. If you are using the liquid form of this medication, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. If you are prescribed only one dose per day, take it in the morning before 9 A.M.

Take this medication exactly as directed by your doctor. Follow the dosing schedule carefully. The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to treatment. If you are taking this medication on a different schedule than a daily one (such as every other day), it may help to mark your calendar with a reminder.

Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Also, you may experience symptoms such as weakness, weight loss, nausea, muscle pain, headache, tiredness, dizziness. To prevent these symptoms while you are stopping treatment with this drug, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details. Report any new or worsening symptoms right away.

Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Pehacort description

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Each 5-mg MR tablet also contains the following excipients: Lactose 36.9 mg. Tablet Core: Anhydrous colloidal silica, croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, povidone K 29/32 and red ferric oxide E 172. Tablet Shell: Anhydrous colloidal silica, calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate, glyceryl behenate, magnesium stearate, povidone K 29/32 and yellow ferric oxide E 172.

Pehacort modified-release tablet is consist of a Pehacort-containing core and an inert coating. Delayed release of Pehacort is dependent on an intact coating.

Pehacort dosage

Recommended Dosing

Dosage of Pehacort should be individualized according to the severity of the disease and the response of the patient. For pediatric patients, the recommended dosage should be governed by the same considerations rather than strict adherence to the ratio indicated by age or body weight.

The maximal activity of the adrenal cortex is between 2 am and 8 am and is minimal between 4 pm and midnight. Exogenous corticosteroids suppress adrenocorticoid activity the least when given at the time of maximal activity. Pehacort is a delayed-release formulation of Pehacort which releases the active substance beginning approximately 4 hours after intake. The timing of Pehacort administration should take into account the delayed-release pharmacokinetics and the disease or condition being treated.

The initial dosage of Pehacort may vary from 5 to 60 mg per day depending on the specific disease entity being treated. Patients currently on immediate release Pehacort, prednisolone, or methylprednisolone should be switched to Pehacort at an equivalent dose based on relative potency (2.4).

In situations of less severity, lower doses will generally suffice while in selected patients higher initial doses may be required. The initial dosage should be maintained or adjusted until a satisfactory response is noted. If after a reasonable period there is a lack of satisfactory clinical response, Pehacort should be discontinued and the patient transferred to other appropriate therapy. It should be emphasized that dosage requirements are variable and must be individualized on the basis of the disease under treatment and the response of the patient.

After a favorable response is noted, the proper maintenance dosage should be determined by decreasing the initial drug dosage in small decrements at appropriate time intervals until the lowest dosage which will maintain an adequate clinical response is reached. It should be kept in mind that constant monitoring is needed in regard to drug dosage. Included in the situations which may make dosage adjustments necessary are changes in clinical status secondary to remissions or exacerbations in the disease process, the patient's individual drug responsiveness, and the effect of patient exposure to stressful situations not directly related to the disease entity under treatment. In this latter situation it may be necessary to increase the dosage of Pehacort for a period of time consistent with the patient's condition. If a period of spontaneous remission occurs in a chronic condition, treatment should be discontinued. If after long-term therapy the drug is to be stopped, it is recommended that it be withdrawn gradually rather than abruptly.

Recommended Monitoring

Blood pressure, body weight, routine laboratory studies (including 2-hour postprandial blood glucose and serum potassium), and chest X-ray should be obtained at regular intervals during prolonged therapy with Pehacort. Upper GI X-rays are desirable in patients with known or suspected peptic ulcer disease.

Method of Administration

Pehacort is for oral administration.

Pehacort should be taken daily with food.

Pehacort tablets should not be broken, divided, or chewed because the delayed release of Pehacort is dependent on an intact coating.

Corticosteroid Comparison Chart

For the purpose of comparison, one 5 mg Pehacort tablet is the equivalent milligram dosage of the following various corticosteroids:

Betamethasone, 0.75 mg Paramethasone, 2 mg
Cortisone, 25 mg Prednisolone, 5 mg
Dexamethasone, 0.75 mg Pehacort, 5 mg
Hydrocortisone, 20 mg Triamcinolone, 4 mg
Methylprednisolone, 4 mg

These dose relationships apply only to oral or intravenous administration of these compounds. When these substances or their derivatives are injected intramuscularly or into joint spaces, their relative properties may be greatly altered.

How supplied

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Delayed-release Tablets
  • Pehacort 1 mg Pehacort: Pale yellowish-white, round, unscored delayed-release tablet embossed with “NP 1” on one side.
  • Pehacort 2 mg Pehacort: Yellowish-white, round, unscored delayed-release tablet embossed with “NP 2” on one side.
  • Pehacort 5 mg Pehacort: Light yellow, round, unscored delayed-release tablet embossed with “NP 5” on one side.

Storage And Handling

Pehacort delayed-release tablets (1 mg Pehacort) are pale yellowish-white, round, unscored tablets embossed with “NP 1” on one side and supplied as:

NDC Number Size
75987-020-01 Bottle of 30 tablets
75987-020-02 Bottle of 100 tablets

Pehacort delayed-release tablets (2 mg Pehacort) are yellowish-white, round, unscored tablets embossed with “NP 2” on one side and supplied as:

NDC Number Size
75987-021-01 Bottle of 30 tablets
75987-021-02 Bottle of 100 tablets

Pehacort delayed-release tablets (5 mg Pehacort) are light yellow, round, unscored tablets embossed with “NP 5” on one side and supplied as:

NDC Number Size
75987-022-01 Bottle of 30 tablets
75987-022-02 Bottle of 100 tablets

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F)..

Protect Pehacort tablets from light and moisture.

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

Distributed by: Horizon Pharma USA, Inc. 520 Lake Cook Road, Suite 520 Deerfield, IL 60015. Revised: June 2013

Pehacort interactions

See also:
What other drugs will affect Pehacort?

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Interactions with other Medicinal Products and other Forms of Interaction: Cardiac Glycosides: The effect of the glycosides can be enhanced by potassium deficiency.

Saluretics/Laxatives: Potassium excretion is enhanced.

Antidiabetic Agents: The blood sugar lowering effect is reduced.

Coumarin Derivatives: The efficacy of coumarin anticoagulants may be reduced or enhanced.

Non-Steroidal Antiphlogistic/Antirheumatic Agents, Salicylates and Indomethacin: The risk of gastrointestinal haemorrhages is increased.

Non-Depolarising Muscle Relaxants: Muscle relaxation may be prolonged.

Atropine and Other Anticholinergics: The concurrent use of Pehacort may result in additional increases in intraocular pressure.

Praziquantel: Glucocorticoids may lower the praziquantel concentrations in the blood.

Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine, Mefloquine: There is an increased risk of occurrence of myopathies, cardiomyopathies.

Somatropin: The efficacy of somatropin may be reduced.

Oestrogens (eg,

Oral Contraceptives): May enhance the efficacy of glucocorticoids.

Liquorice: Inhibition of the metabolism of glucocorticoids is possible.

Rifampicin, Phenytoin, Barbiturates, Bupropion and Primidone: The efficacy of glucocorticoids is reduced.

Cyclosporine: The blood levels of cyclosporine are increased. There is an increased risk of seizures.

Amphotericine B: The risk of hypokalaemia may be increased.

Cyclophosphamide: The effects of cyclophosphamide may be enhanced.

ACE inhibitors: Increased risk of occurrence of blood count changes.

Aluminium and Magnesium Antacids: The absorption of glucocorticoids is reduced. However, due to the delayed release mechanism of Pehacort, an interaction between Pehacort and aluminium/magnesium antacids is unlikely.

Impact on Diagnostic Methods: Skin reactions caused by allergy testing may be suppressed. The TSH increase following the administration of protirelin may be reduced.

Pehacort side effects

See also:
What are the possible side effects of Pehacort?

Applies to Pehacort: oral solution, oral syrup, oral tablet, oral tablet delayed release

As well as its needed effects, Pehacort (the active ingredient contained in Pehacort) may cause unwanted side effects that require medical attention.

Major Side Effects

If any of the following side effects occur while taking Pehacort, check with your doctor immediately:

More common:

  • Aggression
  • agitation
  • anxiety
  • blurred vision
  • decrease in the amount of urine
  • dizziness
  • fast, slow, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
  • headache
  • irritability
  • mental depression
  • mood changes
  • nervousness
  • noisy, rattling breathing
  • numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
  • pounding in the ears
  • shortness of breath
  • swelling of the fingers, hands, feet, or lower legs
  • trouble thinking, speaking, or walking
  • troubled breathing at rest
  • weight gain
Incidence not known:
  • Abdominal or stomach cramping or burning (severe)
  • abdominal or stomach pain
  • backache
  • bloody, black, or tarry stools
  • cough or hoarseness
  • darkening of skin
  • decrease in height
  • decreased vision
  • diarrhea
  • dry mouth
  • eye pain
  • eye tearing
  • facial hair growth in females
  • fainting
  • fever or chills
  • flushed, dry skin
  • fractures
  • fruit-like breath odor
  • full or round face, neck, or trunk
  • heartburn or indigestion (severe and continuous)
  • increased hunger
  • increased thirst
  • increased urination
  • loss of appetite
  • loss of sexual desire or ability
  • lower back or side pain
  • menstrual irregularities
  • muscle pain or tenderness
  • muscle wasting or weakness
  • nausea
  • pain in back, ribs, arms, or legs
  • painful or difficult urination
  • skin rash
  • sleeplessness
  • sweating
  • trouble healing
  • trouble sleeping
  • unexplained weight loss
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • vision changes
  • vomiting
  • vomiting of material that looks like coffee grounds

Minor Side Effects

Some Pehacort side effects may not need any medical attention. As your body gets used to the medicine these side effects may disappear. Your health care professional may be able to help you prevent or reduce these side effects, but do check with them if any of the following side effects continue, or if you are concerned about them:

More common:

  • Increased appetite
Incidence not known:
  • Abnormal fat deposits on the face, neck, and trunk
  • acne
  • dry scalp
  • lightening of normal skin color
  • red face
  • reddish purple lines on the arms, face, legs, trunk, or groin
  • swelling of the stomach area
  • thinning of the scalp hair

Pehacort contraindications

See also:
What is the most important information I should know about Pehacort?

Hypersensitivity to Pehacort or any component of the formulation; administration of live or live attenuated vaccines with immunosuppressive doses of Pehacort; systemic fungal infections

Canadian labeling: Additional contraindications (not in US labeling): Herpes simplex of the eye, measles, or chickenpox (except when being used for short-term or emergency therapy); peptic ulcer; nonspecific ulcerative colitis; diverticulitis; viral or bacterial infection not controlled by anti-infectives

Documentation of allergenic cross-reactivity for corticosteroids is limited. However, because of similarities in chemical structure and/or pharmacologic actions, the possibility of cross-sensitivity cannot be ruled out with certainty.

Active ingredient matches for Pehacort:

Prednisone in Indonesia.


Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
Pehacort 5 mg x 1500's$ 40.59

List of Pehacort substitutes (brand and generic names):

Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 1 mg x 100's$ 7.11
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 5 mg x 100's$ 4.84
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 10 mg x 100's$ 11.11
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 10 mg x 500's$ 53.33
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 20 mg x 100's$ 17.33
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 30 mg x 30's$ 8.00
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 30 mg x 100's$ 26.22
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 50 mg x 30's$ 13.33
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 10 mg/5 mL x 30 mL$ 2.22
Pred 1/5/10/20/30/50 10 mg/5 mL x 60 mL$ 4.00
Tablet; Oral; Prednisone 5 mg (Winthrop)
Tablet; Oral; Prednisone 5 mg (Schwarz)
Tablet; Oral; Prednisone 5 mg (Diba)
Tablet; Oral; Prednisone 50 mg (Diba)
Prednimed 10 mg x 100's
Tablet; Oral; Prednisone 20 mg (Arena group)
Tablet; Oral; Prednisone 5 mg (Arena group)
Tablet; Oral; Prednisone 50 mg (Arena group)

References

  1. DailyMed. "PREDNISONE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. PubChem. "prednisone". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. DrugBank. "prednisone". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00635 (accessed September 17, 2018).

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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