Telvas is used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. Lowering blood pressure can reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks.
Telvas is also used to lower the risk of heart attacks or stroke in patients 55 years of age and older who have diabetes or heart problems.
Telvas is an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). It works by blocking a substance in the body that causes blood vessels to tighten. As a result, Telvas relaxes the blood vessels. This lowers blood pressure and increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.
Telvas is available only with your doctor's prescription.
An indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
Telvas is indicated for the treatment of hypertension, to lower blood pressure. Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarctions. These benefits have been seen in controlled trials of antihypertensive drugs from a wide variety of pharmacologic classes including the class to which this drug principally belongs.
Control of high blood pressure should be part of comprehensive cardiovascular risk management, including, as appropriate, lipid control, diabetes management, antithrombotic therapy, smoking cessation, exercise, and limited sodium intake. Many patients will require more than one drug to achieve blood pressure goals. For specific advice on goals and management, see published guidelines, such as those of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program's Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC).
Numerous antihypertensive drugs, from a variety of pharmacologic classes and with different mechanisms of action, have been shown in randomized controlled trials to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and it can be concluded that it is blood pressure reduction, and not some other pharmacologic property of the drugs, that is largely responsible for those benefits. The largest and most consistent cardiovascular outcome benefit has been a reduction in the risk of stroke, but reductions in myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality also have been seen regularly.
Elevated systolic or diastolic pressure causes increased cardiovascular risk, and the absolute risk increase per mmHg is greater at higher blood pressures, so that even modest reductions of severe hypertension can provide substantial benefit. Relative risk reduction from blood pressure reduction is similar across populations with varying absolute risk, so the absolute benefit is greater in patients who are at higher risk independent of their hypertension (for example, patients with diabetes or hyperlipidemia), and such patients would be expected to benefit from more aggressive treatment to a lower blood pressure goal.
Some antihypertensive drugs have smaller blood pressure effects (as monotherapy) in black patients, and many antihypertensive drugs have additional approved indications and effects (e.g., on angina, heart failure, or diabetic kidney disease). These considerations may guide selection of therapy.
It may be used alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents.
Cardiovascular Risk Reduction
Telvas is indicated for reduction of the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, or death from cardiovascular causes in patients 55 years of age or older at high risk of developing major cardiovascular events who are unable to take ACE inhibitors.
High risk for cardiovascular events can be evidenced by a history of coronary artery disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or high-risk diabetes (insulin-dependent or non-insulin dependent) with evidence of end-organ damage. Telvas can be used in addition to other needed treatment (such as antihypertensive, antiplatelet or lipid-lowering therapy).
Studies of Telvas in this setting do not exclude the possibility that Telvas may not preserve a meaningful fraction of the effect of the ACE inhibitor to which it was compared. Consider using the ACE inhibitor first, and, if it is stopped for cough only, consider re-trying the ACE inhibitor after the cough resolves.
Use of Telvas with an ACE inhibitor is not recommended.
How should I use Telvas?
Use Telvas as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
An extra patient leaflet is available with Telvas. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
Take Telvas by mouth with or without food.
Do not remove the tablet from the blister seal until you are ready to take your dose.
Take Telvas on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it. Taking Telvas at the same time each day will help you remember to take it.
Continue to take Telvas even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
If you miss a dose of Telvas, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Telvas.
Uses of Telvas in details
There are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
Telvas belongs to a class of medicines known as angiotensin II receptor blockers. It is used to treat high blood pressure, prevention and treatment of heart attack (myocardial Infarction) and heart failure; when heart is unable to pump sufficient blood. It is also used for kidney failure in patients with diabetes.
Telvas is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARB) used in the management of hypertension. Generally, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) such as Telvas bind to the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptors with high affinity, causing inhibition of the action of angiotensin II on vascular smooth muscle, ultimately leading to a reduction in arterial blood pressure. Recent studies suggest that Telvas may also have PPAR-gamma agonistic properties that could potentially confer beneficial metabolic effects.
Generic name: Telvas 20mg
Dosage form: tablet
The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Dosage must be individualized. The usual starting dose of Telvas tablets is 40 mg once a day. Blood pressure response is dose-related over the range of 20 to 80 mg.
Most of the antihypertensive effect is apparent within 2 weeks and maximal reduction is generally attained after 4 weeks. When additional blood pressure reduction beyond that achieved with 80 mg Telvas is required, a diuretic may be added.
No initial dosage adjustment is necessary for elderly patients or patients with renal impairment, including those on hemodialysis. Patients on dialysis may develop orthostatic hypotension; their blood pressure should be closely monitored.
Telvas tablets may be administered with other antihypertensive agents.
Telvas tablets may be administered with or without food.
2.2 Cardiovascular Risk Reduction
The recommended dose of Telvas tablets is 80 mg once a day and can be administered with or without food. It is not known whether doses lower than 80 mg of Telvas are effective in reducing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
When initiating Telvas therapy for cardiovascular risk reduction, monitoring of blood pressure is recommended, and if appropriate, adjustment of medications that lower blood pressure may be necessary.
Aliskiren: Do not co-administer aliskiren with Telvas in patients with diabetes. Avoid use of aliskiren with Telvas in patients with renal impairment (GFR < 60 mL/min).
Digoxin: When Telvas was co-administered with digoxin, median increases in digoxin peak plasma concentration (49%) and in trough concentration (20%) were observed. Therefore, monitor digoxin levels when initiating, adjusting, and discontinuing Telvas for the purpose of keeping the digoxin level within the therapeutic range.
Lithium: Reversible increases in serum lithium concentrations and toxicity have been reported during concomitant administration of lithium with angiotensin II receptor antagonists including Telvas. Therefore, monitor serum lithium levels during concomitant use.
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents including Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors (COX-2 Inhibitors): In patients who are elderly, volume-depleted (including those on diuretic therapy), or with compromised renal function, co-administration of NSAIDs, including selective COX-2 inhibitors, with angiotensin II receptor antagonists, including Telvas, may result in deterioration of renal function, including possible acute renal failure. These effects are usually reversible. Monitor renal function periodically in patients receiving Telvas and NSAID therapy.
The antihypertensive effect of angiotensin II receptor antagonists, including Telvas may be attenuated by NSAIDs including selective COX-2 inhibitors.
Ramipril and Ramiprilat: Co-administration of Telvas 80 mg once daily and ramipril 10 mg once daily to healthy subjects increases steady-state Cmax and AUC of ramipril 2.3-and 2.1-fold, respectively, and Cmax and AUC of ramiprilat 2.4-and 1.5-fold, respectively. In contrast, Cmax and AUC of Telvas decrease by 31% and 16%, respectively. When co-administering Telvas and ramipril, the response may be greater because of the possibly additive pharmacodynamic effects of the combined drugs, and also because of the increased exposure to ramipril and ramiprilat in the presence of Telvas. Concomitant use of Telvas and ramipril is not recommended.
Other Drugs: Co-administration of Telvas did not result in a clinically significant interaction with acetaminophen, amlodipine, glyburide, simvastatin, hydrochlorothiazide, warfarin, or ibuprofen. Telvas is not metabolized by the cytochrome P450 system and had no effects in vitro on cytochrome P450 enzymes, except for some inhibition of CYP2C19. Telvas is not expected to interact with drugs that inhibit cytochrome P450 enzymes; it is also not expected to interact with drugs metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes, except for possible inhibition of the metabolism of drugs metabolized by CYP2C19.
The following adverse reaction is described elsewhere in labeling:
Renal dysfunction upon use with ramipril
Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reactions rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
Telvas has been evaluated for safety in more than 3700 patients, including 1900 treated for over 6 months and more than 1300 for over one year. Adverse experiences have generally been mild and transient in nature and have infrequently required discontinuation of therapy.
In placebo-controlled trials involving 1041 patients treated with various doses of Telvas (20 to 160 mg) monotherapy for up to 12 weeks, the overall incidence of adverse events was similar to that in patients treated with placebo.
Adverse events occurring at an incidence of ≥1% in patients treated with Telvas and at a greater rate than in patients treated with placebo, irrespective of their causal association, are presented in Table 1.
Table 1 Adverse Events Occurring at an Incidence of ≥1% in Patients Treated with Telvas and at a Greater Rate Than Patients Treated with Placebo
Upper respiratory tract infection
In addition to the adverse events in the table, the following events occurred at a rate of ≥1% but were at least as frequent in the placebo group: influenza-like symptoms, dyspepsia, myalgia, urinary tract infection, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, pain, fatigue, coughing, hypertension, chest pain, nausea, and peripheral edema. Discontinuation of therapy because of adverse events was required in 2.8% of 1455 patients treated with Telvas tablets and 6.1% of 380 placebo patients in placebo-controlled clinical trials.
The incidence of adverse events was not dose-related and did not correlate with gender, age, or race of patients.
The incidence of cough occurring with Telvas in 6 placebo-controlled trials was identical to that noted for placebo-treated patients (1.6%).
In addition to those listed above, adverse events that occurred in more than 0.3% of 3500 patients treated with Telvas monotherapy in controlled or open trials are listed below. It cannot be determined whether these events were causally related to Telvas tablets:
During initial clinical studies, a single case of angioedema was reported (among a total of 3781 patients treated).
Clinical Laboratory Findings
In placebo-controlled clinical trials, clinically relevant changes in standard laboratory test parameters were rarely associated with administration of Telvas tablets.
Hemoglobin: A greater than 2 g/dL decrease in hemoglobin was observed in 0.8% Telvas patients compared with 0.3% placebo patients. No patients discontinued therapy because of anemia.
Creatinine: A 0.5 mg/dL rise or greater in creatinine was observed in 0.4% Telvas patients compared with 0.3% placebo patients. One Telvas-treated patient discontinued therapy because of increases in creatinine and blood urea nitrogen.
Liver Enzymes: Occasional elevations of liver chemistries occurred in patients treated with Telvas; all marked elevations occurred at a higher frequency with placebo. No Telvas-treated patients discontinued therapy because of abnormal hepatic function.
Cardiovascular Risk Reduction
Because common adverse reactions were well characterized in studies of Telvas in hypertension, only adverse events leading to discontinuation and serious adverse events were recorded in subsequent studies of Telvas for cardiovascular risk reduction. In TRANSCEND (N=5926, 4 years and 8 months of follow-up), discontinuations for adverse events were 8.4% on Telvas and 7.6% on placebo. The only serious adverse events at least 1% more common on Telvas than placebo were intermittent claudication (7% vs 6%) and skin ulcer (3% vs 2%).
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of Telvas. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to estimate reliably their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Decisions to include these reactions in labeling are typically based on one or more of the following factors: (1) seriousness of the reaction, (2) frequency of reporting, or (3) strength of causal connection to Telvas.
Hypersensitivity to Telvas or to any of the excipients of Telvas.
Biliary obstructive disorders and severe hepatic impairment.
The concomitant use with aliskiren is contraindicated in patients with diabetes mellitus or renal impairment (GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2).
In case of rare hereditary conditions that may be incompatible with an excipient of Telvas, the use of Telvas is contraindicated.
Use in pregnancy: The use of angiotensin II receptor antagonists is not recommended during the 1st trimester of pregnancy and should not be initiated during pregnancy.
Nonclinical studies with Telvas do not indicate teratogenic effect, but have shown fetotoxicity.
Angiotensin II receptor antagonist exposure during the 2nd and 3rd trimester is known to induce human fetotoxicity (decreased renal function, oligohydramnios, skull ossification retardation) and neonatal toxicity (renal failure, hypotension, hyperkalemia).
Unless continued and angiotensin II receptor antagonist therapy is considered essential, patients planning pregnancy should be changed to alternative antihypertensive treatments which have an established safety profile for use in pregnancy. When pregnancy is diagnosed, treatment with angiotensin II receptor antagonist should be stopped immediately and if appropriate, alternative therapy should be started.
Should exposure to angiotensin II receptor antagonists have occurred from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, ultrasound check of renal function and skull is recommended.
Infants whose mothers have taken angiotensin II receptor antagonist should be closely observed for hypotension.
Use in lactation: Telvas is contraindicated during lactation since it is not known whether it is excreted in human milk.
Animal studies have shown excretion of Telvas in breast milk.
DailyMed. "AMLODIPINE BESYLATE; TELMISARTAN: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
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