Calcium carbonate Uses

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What is Calcium carbonate?

Antacids are taken by mouth to relieve heartburn, sour stomach, or acid indigestion. They work by neutralizing excess stomach acid. Some Calcium carbonate combinations also contain simethicone, which may relieve the symptoms of excess gas. Antacids alone or in combination with simethicone may also be used to treat the symptoms of stomach or duodenal ulcers.

With larger doses than those used for the Calcium carbonate effect, magnesium hydroxide (magnesia) and magnesium oxide antacids produce a laxative effect. The information that follows applies only to their use as an Calcium carbonate.

Some antacids, like aluminum carbonate and aluminum hydroxide, may be prescribed with a low-phosphate diet to treat hyperphosphatemia (too much phosphate in the blood). Aluminum carbonate and aluminum hydroxide may also be used with a low-phosphate diet to prevent the formation of some kinds of kidney stones. Aluminum hydroxide may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

These medicines are available without a prescription. However, your doctor may have special instructions on the proper use and dose of these medicines for your medical problem.

Calcium carbonate indications

An indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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this Calcium carbonate is useful for the temporary relief of occasional indigestion and heartburn. Frequent, daily or nightly symptoms usually mean a more serious problem. Antacids by themselves do not correct these problems. The medications that are now available to treat acid problems are generally superior to antacids.

The second and more important use of Calcium carbonate is as a source of calcium, necessary for bones and teeth and to prevent osteoporosis. A quart of milk contains about 1500 mg of calcium which is about what you need. Otherwise this or a similar calcium preparation can be taken.

How should I use Calcium carbonate?

Use Calcium carbonate as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Calcium carbonate.

Uses of Calcium carbonate in details

There are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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This medication is used to prevent or treat low blood calcium levels in people who do not get enough calcium from their diets. It may be used to treat conditions caused by low calcium levels such as bone loss (osteoporosis), weak bones (osteomalacia/rickets), decreased activity of the parathyroid gland (hypoparathyroidism), and a certain muscle disease (latent tetany). It may also be used in certain patients to make sure they are getting enough calcium (e.g., women who are pregnant, nursing, or postmenopausal, people taking certain medications such as phenytoin, phenobarbital, or prednisone).

Calcium plays a very important role in the body. It is necessary for normal functioning of nerves, cells, muscle, and bone. If there is not enough calcium in the blood, then the body will take calcium from bones, thereby weakening bones. Having the right amount of calcium is important for building and keeping strong bones.

How to use Calcium carbonate

Take this medication by mouth with food. If your product contains calcium citrate, then it may be taken with or without food. Follow all directions on the product package, or take as directed by your doctor. For best absorption, if your daily dose is more than 600 milligrams, then divide your dose and space it throughout the day. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

If you are using the chewable product, chew it well before swallowing.

If you are using the effervescent tablet, allow the tablet to fully dissolve in a glass of water before drinking it. Do not chew or swallow the tablet whole.

If you are using the liquid product or powder, measure the medication with a dose-measuring spoon or device to make sure you get the correct dose. Do not use a household spoon. If the liquid product is a suspension, shake the bottle well before each dose.

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each day.

If your doctor has recommended that you follow a special diet, it is very important to follow the diet to get the most benefit from this medication and to prevent serious side effects. Do not take other supplements/vitamins unless ordered by your doctor.

If you think you may have a serious medical problem, seek immediate medical attention.

Calcium carbonate description

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Each Calcium carbonate milk powd contains: Energy Density 1 kCal/mL. Energy Distribution: Protein: Fat: CHO 13:37:50, Protein 32.5 g/L, CHO 125.7 g/L, Fat 42 g/L, Na 500 mg/L, K 1,250 mg/L, Mg 200 mg/L, P 500 mg/L, osmolality 300 mOsmol/kg H2O.

Each Calcium carbonate oral liqd (ready-to-drink) contains: Energy Density 1 kCal/mL. Energy Distribution: Protein: Fat: CHO 14:32:54, Protein 35 g/L, CHO 135 g/L, Fat 36 g/L, Na 1,000 mg/L, K 1,200 mg/L, Mg 280 mg/L, P 870 mg/L, osmolality 330 mOsmol/kg H2O.

Calcium carbonate is specifically formulated for the dietary management of malnutrition and other medical conditions with increased nutritional needs that cannot be met through diet modification alone.

Special Features: Calcium carbonate is isotonic (low osmolality); 100% complex carbohydrate; 20% of fat as MCT; lactose-free; unflavoured.

Calcium carbonate dosage

Calcium carbonate Dosage

Applies to the following strength(s): 650 mg; 600 mg; 1250 mg/5 mL; 1250 mg; 1000 mg; 500 mg; 400 mg; base 500 mg; 750 mg; 900 mg; 648 mg; 420 mg; 250 mg; 550 mg; 1177 mg; 850 mg; 400 mg/5 mL; 350 mg; 1.5 g; 1 g; 300 mg; 450 mg

The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Usual Adult Dose for:

Usual Pediatric Dose for:

Additional dosage information:

Usual Adult Dose for Osteoporosis

2500 to 7500 mg/day orally in 2 to 4 divided doses.

Usual Adult Dose for Hypocalcemia

900 to 2500 mg/day orally in 2 to 4 divided doses. This dose may be adjusted as needed to achieve a normal serum calcium level.

Usual Adult Dose for Dyspepsia

300 to 8000 mg/day orally in 2 to 4 divided doses. This dose may be increased as needed and tolerated to decrease symptoms of stomach upset.

Maximum Dose: 5,500 to 7980 mg (depending on product used). Not to exceed maximum daily dosage for a period of greater than 2 weeks unless directed by a physician.

Usual Adult Dose for Duodenal Ulcer

1250 to 3750 mg/day in 2 to 4 divided doses. This dose may be increased as needed and tolerated to decrease the abdominal discomfort. The major limiting factor to the chronic use of Calcium carbonate is gastric hypersecretion and acid rebound.

Usual Adult Dose for Gastric Ulcer

1250 to 3750 mg/day in 2 to 4 divided doses. This dose may be increased as needed and tolerated to decrease the abdominal discomfort. The major limiting factor to the chronic use of Calcium carbonate is gastric hypersecretion and acid rebound.

Usual Adult Dose for Erosive Esophagitis

1250 to 3750 mg/day orally in 2 to 4 divided doses. The potential for acid rebound could be detrimental. However, antacids have been frequently used in the management of erosive esophagitis and may be beneficial in decreasing the acidity of gastric contents.

Maximum Dose: 5,500 to 7980 mg (depending on product used). Not to exceed maximum daily dosage for a period of greater than 2 weeks unless directed by a physician.

Usual Adult Dose for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

1250 to 3750 mg/day orally in 2 to 4 divided doses. The potential for acid rebound could be detrimental. However, antacids have been frequently used in the management of erosive esophagitis and may be beneficial in decreasing the acidity of gastric contents.

Maximum Dose: 5,500 to 7980 mg (depending on product used). Not to exceed maximum daily dosage for a period of greater than 2 weeks unless directed by a physician.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Hypocalcemia

Neonatal:

Hypocalcemia (dose depends on clinical condition and serum calcium level): Dose expressed in mg of elemental calcium: 50 to 150 mg/kg/day in 4 to 6 divided doses; not to exceed 1 g/day

Usual

Dosage:

Calcium carbonate:

Children 2 to 5 years: Childrens Pepto, Mylanta (R) Childrens: 1 tablet (400 mg Calcium carbonate) as symptoms occur; not to exceed 3 tablets/day

Children 6 to 11 years: Childrens Pepto, Mylanta (R) Childrens: 2 tablets (800 mg Calcium carbonate) as symptoms occur; not to exceed 6 tablets/day

Children 11 years and older:

Tums (R), Tums (R) E-X: 2 to 4 tablets chewed as symptoms occur; not to exceed 15 tablets [Tums (R)] or 10 tablets [Tums (R) E-X] per day

Tums (R) Ultra: 2 to 3 tablets chewed as symptoms occur; not to exceed 7 tablets per day

Hypocalcemia (dose depends on clinical condition and serum calcium level): Dose expressed in mg of elemental calcium:

Children: 45 to 65 mg/kg/day in 4 divided doses

Treatment of hyperphosphatemia in end-stage renal failure: Children and Adults: Dose expressed in mg of Calcium carbonate: 1 g with each meal; increase as needed; range: 4 to 7 g/day

Hydrofluoric acid (HF) burns (HF concentration less than 20%):

Topical: Various topical calcium preparations have been used anecdotally for treatment of dermal exposure to HF solutions; Calcium carbonate at concentrations ranging from 2.5% to 33% has been used; a topical Calcium carbonate preparation must be compounded.

Renal Dose Adjustments

Patients with renal dysfunction have an increased risk of hypercalcemia. Periodically checking the serum calcium level, especially if signs or symptoms of hypercalcemia are detected, is recommended.

The use of Calcium carbonate is not indicated for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients with calculated or estimated creatinine clearance equal to or greater than 25 mL/min.

Liver Dose Adjustments

Data not available

Dialysis

Calcium is removed by hemodialysis. To ensure a positive net calcium flux into the patient during dialysis, a dialysate calcium concentration of 3 to 3.5 mEq/L is usually required. Mid-dialysis modest hypercalcemia is not uncommon when this concentration is used.

Calcium is removed by peritoneal dialysis. The standard peritoneal dialysate contains 3.5 mEq/L of calcium (in 1.5% dextrose) to maintain a positive calcium balance and to prevent calcium losses. When higher concentrations of dextrose are used, the net calcium balance may be negative because of a greater convective removal of calcium during ultrafiltration. This counterbalances the diffusion of calcium from the dialysate to the patient.

Other Comments

Dietary reference intake: Dosage is in terms of elemental calcium:

0 to 6 months: Adequate intake: 200 mg/day

7 to 12 months: Adequate intake: 260 mg/day

1 to 3 years: RDA: 700 mg/day

4 to 8 years: RDA: 1000 mg/day

9 to 18 years: RDA: 1300 mg/day

Adults, Female/Male: RDA:

19 to 50 years: 1000 mg/day

51 years and older, females: 1200 mg/day

51 to 70 years, males: 1000 mg/day

Female: Pregnancy/Lactating: RDA: Same as for Adults, Female/Male

Calcium carbonate:

Elemental calcium: 400 mg/1 g (20 mEq calcium/gram)

Approximate equivalent dose: 225 mg of calcium salt

Osteoporosis may be associated with increased serum parathyroid hormone, excessive alcohol intake, tobacco use, inactivity, and certain drugs. Additional factors to consider in males with osteoporosis include hypogonadism and/or age related decreases in serum testosterone. Adequate vitamin D intake and weight bearing exercise (if possible) are recommended.

Each 1 g of Calcium carbonate contains 400 mg elemental calcium, or 20 mEq calcium.

More about Calcium carbonate

Consumer resources

Professional resources

Related treatment guides

Calcium carbonate interactions

See also:
What other drugs will affect Calcium carbonate?

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An interaction generally means that one drug may increase or decrease the effect of another drug. Also, the more medications a person takes, the more likely there will be a drug interaction. Antacids do interact with or prevent the absorption of many medications. As a general rule it is best to separate Calcium carbonate use and any other medications by at least 1 hour. When antacids are only taken occasionally, this seldom presents a serious problem. Since there are so many good medications to reduce stomach acid, some of them over-the-counter, it is unusual to require frequent Calcium carbonate use during the day and night.

Interactions with this Calcium carbonate may occur with the following:

* flecainide (Tambocor)

* phenytoin type drugs (Dilantin, Mesantoin, Peganone, Cerebyx)

* iron (Feosol, ferrous sulfate, Nu-Iron)

* quinidine (Quinidex, Quinaglute)

* aspirin, salicylates

* tetracycline (Sumycin, Tetracyn)

Calcium carbonate side effects

See also:
What are the possible side effects of Calcium carbonate?

Applies to Calcium carbonate: tablets

Other dosage forms:

Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Constipation.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur while taking Calcium carbonate (the active ingredient contained in Calcium carbonate)

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); confusion; increased urination; loss of appetite; mental or mood changes; nausea; severe or persistent constipation or stomach pain; weakness; vomiting.

Calcium carbonate contraindications

See also:
What is the most important information I should know about Calcium carbonate?

Known hypersensitivity reaction to any of the ingredients of Calcium carbonate.

Active ingredient matches for Calcium carbonate:

Calcium carbonate


Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
Tablet; Oral; Calcium Carbonate 1.5 g
Powder; Oral; Calcium Carbonate 560 mg / 5 ml
Tablet; Oral; Calcium Carbonate 600 mg
Globules; Oral; Calcium Carbonate 1 x
Tablet; Oral; Calcium / Calcium Carbonate 500 mg
Tablet; Oral; Calcium / Calcium Carbonate 600 mg
Tablet; Oral; Calcium / Calcium Carbonate 246 mg
Powder; Oral; Calcium Carbonate 6 x
Capsule; Oral; Calcium Carbonate 500 mg
Calcium Carbonate / Chin Teng 500 mg x 1000's
Calcium Carbonate / U.L. 500 mg x 1000's
Calcium Carbonate / Yu Sheng 500 mg x 1000's
Calcium Carbonate / Jenn Maw 500 mg x 1000's
Calcium Carbonate tablet 1250 mg/1 (West Ward Pharmaceuticals Corp. (US))
Calcium Carbonate suspension 1250 mg/5mL (Roxane Laboratories, Inc. (US))
Calcium Carbonate tablet 648 mg/1 (Carilion Materials Management (US))
Calcium Carbonate tablet, chewable 500 mg/1 (Physicians Total Care, Inc. (US))
Calcium Carbonate powder 1 g/g (Humco Holding Group, Inc. (US))

List of Calcium carbonate substitutes (brand and generic names):

Tablet, Retard; Oral; Calcium Carbonate 500 mg
Tablet, Chewable; Oral; Calcium Carbonate
Calcycor 500 mg+250 iu Tablet (Orley Laboratories Pvt Ltd.)$ 0.05
Caldef 250 mg+125 iu Tablet (Mascot Lifesciences Pvt. Ltd.)$ 0.02
Caldenovo 500 mg+0.25 mcg Tablet (Megavision Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.09
Caldenovo 200 ml Syrup (Megavision Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.03
Caldi-M Tablet (Hamax Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.06
Caldiz 500 mg+0.25 mcg+7.5 mg Capsule (Hamax Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.11
Calexist 1250 mg+200 iu Tablet (Aero-Chem Neutron Pvt Ltd)$ 0.04
CALEXIST chewable tab 30's (Aero-Chem Neutron Pvt Ltd)
Calfamin 500 mg+0.25 mcg Tablet (Unisharp Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.09
Calfeed 100 ml Syrup (Alpha Drugs & Pharmaceuticals)$ 0.07
Calfer 500 mg+250 iu Tablet (Kylsans Laboratories Ltd)$ 0.04
Calfort Tablet (Gemini Pharmaceuticals Ltd.)$ 0.05
Calhof 1000 mg x 100's
Calhof 1500 mg x 30's
Calhof 1500 mg x 100's
Calibon Tablet (Swastik Formulations (P) Ltd.)$ 0.04
Calibon Z 250 mg Tablet (Intra Labs India Pvt Ltd)$ 0.04
Calibon Z Tablet (Intra Labs India Pvt Ltd)$ 0.03
150's (Intra Labs India Pvt Ltd)$ 4.95
Calibon-Z Calcium carbonate 500 mg, Magnesium 100 mg, Zinc 4 mg, Vitamin D3 200 IU. TAB / 150 (Intra Labs India Pvt Ltd)$ 4.95
Calibon-Z 200 ml Syrup (Intra Labs India Pvt Ltd)$ 0.02
Calibon-Z Calcium carbonate 500 mg, Magnesium 100 mg, Zinc 4 mg, Vitamin D3 200 IU. TAB / 150 (Intra Labs India Pvt Ltd)$ 4.95
Calibon-Z 250 250mg CHW-TAB / 100 (Intra Labs)$ 4.13
250 mg x 100's (Intra Labs)$ 4.13
CALIBON-Z 250 chewable tab 250 mg x 10's (Intra Labs)$ 0.41
Calive Forte Tablet (Biosync Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd)$ 0.13
Calixx CT 500 mg+7.5 mg+0.25 mcg Tablet (Archicare)$ 0.10

References

  1. DailyMed. "CALCIUM CARBONATE; FAMOTIDINE; MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. DailyMed. "CALCIUM: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. PubChem. "Calcium". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).

Reviews

The results of a survey conducted on ndrugs.com for Calcium carbonate are given in detail below. The results of the survey conducted are based on the impressions and views of the website users and consumers taking Calcium carbonate. We implore you to kindly base your medical condition or therapeutic choices on the result or test conducted by a physician or licensed medical practitioners.

User reports

1 consumer reported useful

Was the Calcium carbonate drug useful in terms of decreasing the symptom or the disease?
According to the reports released by ndrugs.com website users, the below mentioned percentages of users say the drug is useful / not useful to them in decreasing their symptoms/disease. The usefulness of the drug depends on many factors, like severity of the disease, perception of symptom, or disease by the patient, brand name used [matters only to a certain extent], other associated conditions of the patient. If the drug is not effective or useful in your case, you need to meet the doctor to get re-evaluated about your symptoms/disease, and he will prescribe an alternative drug.
Users%
Not useful1
100.0%


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No survey data has been collected yet


1 consumer reported age

Users%
46-601
100.0%


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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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