Amebazole Uses

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What is Amebazole?

Amebazole is used to treat bacterial infections in different areas of the body. The extended-release tablets are used to treat women with vaginal infections (bacterial vaginosis).

Amebazole belongs to the class of medicines known as antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, Amebazole will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

Amebazole is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Once a medicine has been approved for marketing for a certain use, experience may show that it is also useful for other medical problems. Although these uses are not included in product labeling, Amebazole is used in certain patients with the following medical conditions:

Amebazole indications

An indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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Symptomatic Trichomoniasis. Amebazole Capsules USP 375 mg are indicated for the treatment of T. vaginalis infection in females and males when the presence of the trichomonad has been confirmed by appropriate laboratory procedures (wet smears and/or cultures).

Asymptomatic Trichomoniasis. Amebazole Capsules USP 375 mg are indicated in the treatment of asymptomatic T. vaginalis infection in females when the organism is associated with endocervicitis, cervicitis, or cervical erosion. Since there is evidence that presence of the trichomonad can interfere with accurate assessment of abnormal cytological smears, additional smears should be performed after eradication of the parasite.

Treatment of Asymptomatic Sexual Partners. T. vaginalis infection is a venereal disease. Therefore, asymptomatic sexual partners of treated patients should be treated simultaneously if the organism has been found to be present, in order to prevent reinfection of the partner. The decision as to whether to treat an asymptomatic male partner who has a negative culture or one for whom no culture has been attempted is an individual one. In making this decision, it should be noted that there is evidence that a woman may become reinfected if her sexual partner is not treated. Also, since there can be considerable difficulty in isolating the organism from the asymptomatic male carrier, negative smears and cultures cannot be relied upon in this regard. In any event, the sexual partner should be treated with Amebazole in cases of reinfection.

Amebiasis. Amebazole Capsules USP 375 mg are indicated in the treatment of acute intestinal amebiasis (amebic dysentery) and amebic liver abscess.

In amebic liver abscess, Amebazole Capsules USP 375 mg therapy does not obviate the need for aspiration or drainage of pus.

Anaerobic Bacterial Infections. Amebazole Capsules USP 375 mg are indicated in the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible anaerobic bacteria. Indicated surgical procedures should be performed in conjunction with Amebazole therapy. In a mixed aerobic and anaerobic infection, antimicrobials appropriate for the treatment of the aerobic infection should be used in addition to Amebazole Capsules USP 375 mg.

INTRA-ABDOMINAL INFECTIONS, including peritonitis, intra-abdominal abscess, and liver abscess, caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group (B. fragilis, B. distasonis, B. ovatus, B. thetaiotaomicron, B. vulgatus), Clostridium species, Eubacterium species, Peptococcus species, or Peptostreptococcus species.

SKIN AND SKIN STRUCTURE INFECTIONS caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group, Clostridium species, Peptococcus species, Peptostreptococcus species, or Fusobacterium species.

GYNECOLOGIC INFECTIONS, including endometritis, endomyometritis, tubo-ovarian abscess, and postsurgical vaginal cuff infection, caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group, Clostridium species, Peptococcus species, Peptostreptococcus species, or Fusobacterium species.

BACTERIAL SEPTICEMIA caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group or Clostridium species.

BONE AND JOINT INFECTIONS (as adjunctive therapy) caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group.

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS) INFECTIONS, including meningitis and brain abscess, caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group.

LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS, including pneumonia, empyema, and lung abscess, caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group.

ENDOCARDITIS caused by Bacteroides species including the B. fragilis group.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Amebazole Capsules USP 375 mg and other antibacterial drugs, Amebazole Capsules USP 375 mg should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

How should I use Amebazole?

Use Amebazole gel as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Amebazole gel.

Uses of Amebazole in details

There are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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Use: Labeled Indications

Amebiasis: Treatment of acute intestinal amebiasis (amebic dysentery) and extraintestinal amebiasis (liver abscess)

Limitations of use: When used for amebic liver abscess, may be used concurrently with percutaneous needle aspiration when clinically indicated.

Anaerobic bacterial infections (caused by Bacteroides spp., including the B. fragilis group):

Bacterial septicemia: Treatment of bacterial septicemia (also caused by Clostridium spp.)

Bone and joint infections: Treatment (adjunctive therapy) of bone and joint infections

CNS Infections: Treatment of CNS infections, including meningitis and brain abscess

Endocarditis: Treatment of endocarditis

Gynecologic infections: Treatment of gynecologic infections including endometritis, endomyometritis, tubo-ovarian abscess, and postsurgical vaginal cuff infection (also caused by Clostridium spp., Peptococcus spp., Peptostreptococcus spp., and Fusobacterium spp.)

Intra-abdominal infections: Treatment of intra-abdominal infections, including peritonitis, intra-abdominal abscess, and liver abscess (also caused by Clostridium spp., Eubacterium spp., Peptococcus spp., and Peptostreptococcus spp.)

Lower respiratory tract infections: Treatment of lower respiratory tract infections, including pneumonia, empyema, and lung abscess

Skin and skin structure infections: Treatment of skin and skin structure infections (also caused by Clostridium spp., Peptococcus spp., Peptostreptococcus spp., and Fusobacterium spp.)

Surgical prophylaxis (colorectal surgery): Injection: Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative prophylaxis to reduce the incidence of postoperative infection in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery classified as contaminated or potentially contaminated

Trichomoniasis: Treatment of infections caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, including treatment of asymptomatic sexual partners

Off Label Uses

Balantidiasis

Data from a single case report of one immunocompromised patient with pulmonary infection treated with Amebazole suggest that Amebazole may be beneficial for the treatment of balantidiasis.

Amebazole description

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Each 100 mL contains Metronidazole USP 500 mg, sodium chloride USP 0.72% w/v, water for injection USP as needed.

Amebazole injection, USP is a parenteral dosage form of the synthetic antibacterial agent 1-(β-hydroxyethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole. The empirical formula is C6H9N3O3 and the molecular weight is 171.15.

Amebazole injection, USP in 100 mL is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, iso-osmotic, buffered solution of 500 mg Amebazole, USP, 790 mg sodium chloride, USP, 47.6 mg dried dibasic sodium phosphate, USP and 22.9 mg anhydrous citric acid, USP. Amebazole injection, USP has an osmolarity of 310 mOsmol/L (calc) and a pH of 5.5 (4.5 to 7).

Amebazole dosage

Amebazole Dosage

Generic name: Amebazole 750mg

Dosage form: tablet, film coated, extended release

See also:

The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Bacterial Vaginosis

750 mg once daily by mouth for seven consecutive days.

Amebazole 750 mg tablets should be taken under fasting conditions, at least one hour before or two hours after meals. The optimum extended-release characteristics of Amebazole 750 mg are obtained when the drug is taken under fasting conditions.

Amebazole tablets should not be split, chewed, or crushed.

Dosage Adjustments

Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

Hemodialysis removes significant amounts of Amebazole and its metabolites from systemic circulation. The clearance of Amebazole will depend on the type of dialysis membrane used, the duration of the dialysis session, and other factors. If the administration of Amebazole cannot be separated from a hemodialysis session, supplementation of Amebazole dosage following the hemodialysis session should be considered, depending on the patient's clinical situation.

More about Amebazole (Amebazole)

Consumer resources

Professional resources

Other formulations

Related treatment guides

Amebazole interactions

See also:
What other drugs will affect Amebazole?

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Disulfiram

Psychotic reactions have been reported in alcoholic patients who are using Amebazole and disulfiram concurrently. Amebazole should not be given to patients who have taken disulfiram within the last two weeks.

Alcoholic Beverages

Abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, headaches, and flushing may occur if alcoholic beverages or products containing propylene glycol are consumed during or following Amebazole therapy.

Warfarin And Other

Oral Anticoagulants

Amebazole has been reported to potentiate the anticoagulant effect of warfarin and other oral coumarin anticoagulants, resulting in a prolongation of prothrombin time. When Amebazole is prescribed for patients on this type of anticoagulant therapy, prothrombin time and INR should be carefully monitored.

Lithium

In patients stabilized on relatively high doses of lithium, short-term Amebazole therapy has been associated with elevation of serum lithium and, in a few cases, signs of lithium toxicity. Serum lithium and serum creatinine levels should be obtained several days after beginning Amebazole to detect any increase that may precede clinical symptoms of lithium intoxication.

Busulfan

Amebazole has been reported to increase plasma concentrations of busulfan, which can result in an increased risk for serious busulfan toxicity. Amebazole should not be administered concomitantly with busulfan unless the benefit outweighs the risk. If no therapeutic alternatives to Amebazole are available, and concomitant administration with busulfan is medically needed, frequent monitoring of busulfan plasma concentration should be performed and the busulfan dose should be adjusted accordingly.

Drugs That Inhibit CYP450 Enzymes

The simultaneous administration of drugs that decrease microsomal liver enzyme activity, such as cimetidine, may prolong the half-life and decrease plasma clearance of Amebazole.

Drugs That Induce CYP450 Enzymes

The simultaneous administration of drugs that induce microsomal liver enzymes, such as phenytoin or phenobarbital, may accelerate the elimination of Amebazole, resulting in reduced plasma levels; impaired clearance of phenytoin has also been reported.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

Amebazole may interfere with certain types of determinations of serum chemistry values, such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST, SGOT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT, SGPT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), triglycerides, and glucose hexokinase. Values of zero may be observed. All of the assays in which interference has been reported involve enzymatic coupling of the assay to oxidation-reduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD- NADH). Interference is due to the similarity in absorbance peaks of NADH (340 nm) and Amebazole (322 nm) at pH 7.

Amebazole side effects

See also:
What are the possible side effects of Amebazole?

Two serious adverse reactions reported in patients treated with Amebazole have been convulsive seizures and peripheral neuropathy, the latter characterized mainly by numbness or paresthesia of an extremity. Since persistent peripheral neuropathy has been reported in some patients receiving prolonged administration of Amebazole, patients should be specifically warned about these reactions and should be told to stop the drug and report immediately to their physicians if any neu-rologic symptoms occur.

The most common adverse reactions reported have been referable to the gastrointestinal tract, particularly nausea reported by about 12% of patients, sometimes accompanied by headache, anorexia, and occasionally vomiting; diarrhea; epi-gastric distress; and abdominal cramping. Constipation has also been reported.

The following reactions have also been reported during treatment with Amebazole:

Mouth: A sharp, unpleasant metallic taste is not unusual. Furry tongue, glossitis, and sto-matitis have occurred; these may be associated with a sudden overgrowth of Candida which may occur during therapy.

Hematopoietic: Reversible neutropenia (leuko-penia); rarely, reversible thrombocytopenia.

Cardiovascular: Flattening of the T-wave may be seen in electrocardiographic tracings.

Central Nervous System: Convulsive seizures, peripheral neuropathy, dizziness, vertigo, incoordination, ataxia, confusion, irritability, depression, weakness, and insomnia.

Hypersensitivity: Urticaria, erythematous rash, flushing, nasal congestion, dryness of the mouth (or vagina or vulva), and fever.

Renal: Dysuria, cystitis, polyuria, incontinence, and a sense of pelvic pressure. Instances of darkened urine have been reported by approximately one patient in 100,000. Although the pigment which is probably responsible for this phenomenon has not been positively identified, it is almost certainly a metabolite of Amebazole and seems to have no clinical significance.

Other: Proliferation of Candida in the vagina, dyspareunia, decrease of libido, proctitis, and fleeting joint pains sometimes resembling &ldquoserum sickness.” If patients receiving Amebazole drink alcoholic beverages, they may experience abdominal distress, nausea, vomiting, flushing, or headache. A modification of the taste of alcoholic beverages has also been reported. Rare cases of pan-creatitis, which generally abated on withdrawal of the drug, have been reported.

Crohn’s disease patients are known to have an increased incidence of gastrointestinal and certain extraintestinal cancers. There have been some reports in the medical literature of breast and colon cancer in Crohn’s disease patients who have been treated with Amebazole at high doses for extended periods of time. A cause and effect relationship has not been established. Crohn’s disease is not an approved indication for Amebazole.

Amebazole contraindications

See also:
What is the most important information I should know about Amebazole?

Hypersensitivity

Amebazole Capsules 375 mg are contraindicated in patients with a prior history of hypersensitivity to Amebazole or other nitroimidazole derivatives.

In patients with trichomoniasis, Amebazole Capsules 375 mg are contraindicated during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Psychotic Reaction with Disulfiram

Use of oral Amebazole is associated with psychotic reactions in alcoholic patients who were using disulfiram concurrently. Do not administer Amebazole to patients who have taken disulfiram within the last two weeks.

Interaction with Alcohol

Use of oral Amebazole is associated with a disulfiram-like reaction to alcohol, including abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, headaches, and flushing. Discontinue consumption of alcohol or products containing propylene glycol during and for at least three days after therapy with Amebazole.

Active ingredient matches for Amebazole:

Metronidazole in Kenya.


List of Amebazole substitutes (brand and generic names)

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Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
Ameryl 125 mg/5 mL x 60 mL (Medi-rx)$ 2.51
Suspension; Oral; Metronidazole 125 mg / 5 ml (Medi-rx)
Amizol 1 tube 5 g
Amyda 0.75 % x 1 g
Amyda 0.75 % x 10 g
Amyda 0.75 % x 20 g
1 mg x 10's (United Biotech)
Anazol 1mg TAB / 10 (United Biotech)
ANAZOL tab 1 mg x 10's (United Biotech)$ 8.32
Anegyn 500 mg/100 mL x 1's
Anerobizol 5 mg/1 mL x 100 mL x 1's (Marck Biosciences)
Anerobizol infusion 5 mg/mL 100 mL x 1's (Marck Biosciences)

References

  1. DailyMed. "BISMUTH SUBCITRATE POTASSIUM; METRONIDAZOLE; TETRACYCLINE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailyme... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. PubChem. "metronidazole". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. DrugBank. "metronidazole". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00916 (accessed September 17, 2018).

Reviews

The results of a survey conducted on ndrugs.com for Amebazole are given in detail below. The results of the survey conducted are based on the impressions and views of the website users and consumers taking Amebazole. We implore you to kindly base your medical condition or therapeutic choices on the result or test conducted by a physician or licensed medical practitioners.

User reports

Consumer reported useful

No survey data has been collected yet


1 consumer reported price estimates

Was the price you paid to purchase the drug reasonable? Did you feel it was expensive?
The below mentioned numbers have been reported by ndrugs.com website users about whether the Amebazole drug is expensive or inexpensive. There is a mixed opinion among users. The rating about the cost of the drug depends on factors like which brand drug the patient purchased, how effective it was for the price paid, the country or place the drug is marketed, and the economic condition of the patient. The users who feel the drug is expensive can look for an alternative brand drug or a generic drug to save the cost.
Users%
Expensive1
100.0%


6 consumers reported time for results

To what extent do I have to use Amebazole before I begin to see changes in my health conditions?
As part of the reports released by ndrugs.com website users, it takes 1 day and a few days before you notice an improvement in your health conditions.
Please note, it doesn't mean you will start to notice such health improvement in the same time frame as other users. There are many factors to consider, and we implore you to visit your doctor to know how long before you can see improvements in your health while taking Amebazole. To get the time effectiveness of using Amebazole drug by other patients, please click here.
Users%
1 day2
33.3%
> 3 month1
16.7%
1 week1
16.7%
3 days1
16.7%
5 days1
16.7%


12 consumers reported age

Users%
30-453
25.0%
< 12
16.7%
16-292
16.7%
1-52
16.7%
46-602
16.7%
> 601
8.3%


Consumer reviews


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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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