Moxifloxacin Aurobindo Uses

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What is Moxifloxacin Aurobindo?

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo injection is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body.

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo belongs to the class of medicines known as quinolone antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, Moxifloxacin Aurobindo will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo indications

infoAn indication is a term used for the list of condition or symptom or illness for which the medicine is prescribed or used by the patient. For example, acetaminophen or paracetamol is used for fever by the patient, or the doctor prescribes it for a headache or body pains. Now fever, headache and body pains are the indications of paracetamol. A patient should be aware of the indications of medications used for common conditions because they can be taken over the counter in the pharmacy meaning without prescription by the Physician.
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Acute Bacterial Sinusitis

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is indicated in adult patients (18 years of age and older) for the treatment of Acute Bacterial Sinusitis caused by susceptible isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, or Moraxella catarrhalis.

Acute Bacterial Exacerbation of Chronic Bronchitis

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is indicated in adult patients for the treatment of Acute Bacterial Exacerbation of Chronic Bronchitis caused by susceptible isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, or Moraxella catarrhalis.

Community Acquired Pneumonia

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is indicated in adult patients for the treatment of Community Acquired Pneumonia caused by susceptible isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae (including multi-drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae [MDRSP]),Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, or Chlamydophila pneumoniae.

MDRSP isolates are isolates resistant to two or more of the following antibacterial drugs: penicillin (minimum inhibitory concentrations [MIC] ≥ 2 mcg/mL), 2nd generation cephalosporins (for example, cefuroxime), macrolides, tetracyclines, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole.

Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is indicated in adult patients for the treatment of Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections caused by susceptible isolates of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes.

Complicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is indicated in adult patients for the treatment of Complicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections caused by susceptible isolates of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, or Enterobacter cloacae.

Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is indicated in adult patients for the treatment of Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections including polymicrobial infections such as abscess caused by susceptible isolates of Escherichia coli, Bacteroides fragilis, Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus constellatus, Enterococcus faecalis, Proteus mirabilis, Clostridium perfringens, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, or Peptostreptococcus species.

Plague

​Avelox is indicated in adult patients for the treatment of plague, including pneumonic and septicemic plague, due to susceptible isolates of Yersinia pestis and prophylaxis of plague in adult patients. Efficacy studies of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo could not be conducted in humans with plague for feasibility reasons. Therefore this indication is based on an efficacy study conducted in animals only ​.

1.8Usage

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo and other antibacterial drugs, Moxifloxacin Aurobindo should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

How should I use Moxifloxacin Aurobindo?

Use Moxifloxacin Aurobindo drops as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Moxifloxacin Aurobindo drops is only for the eye. Do not get it in your nose or mouth.
  • To use Moxifloxacin Aurobindo drops in the eye, first, wash your hands. Tilt your head back. Using your index finger, pull the lower eyelid away from the eye to form a pouch. Drop the medicine into the pouch and gently close your eyes. Immediately use your finger to apply pressure to the inside corner of the eyelid for 1 to 2 minutes. Do not blink. Remove excess medicine around your eye with a clean, dry tissue, being careful not to touch your eye. Wash your hands to remove any medicine that may be on them.
  • To prevent germs from contaminating your medicine, do not touch the applicator tip to any surface, including the eye. Keep the container tightly closed.
  • Do not wear contact lenses while you are using Moxifloxacin Aurobindo drops. Take care of your contact lenses as directed by the manufacturer. Check with your doctor before you use them.
  • To clear up your infection completely, use Moxifloxacin Aurobindo drops for the full course of treatment. Keep using it even if you feel better in a few days.
  • If you miss a dose of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo drops, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Moxifloxacin Aurobindo drops.

Uses of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo in details

infoThere are specific as well as general uses of a drug or medicine. A medicine can be used to prevent a disease, treat a disease over a period or cure a disease. It can also be used to treat the particular symptom of the disease. The drug use depends on the form the patient takes it. It may be more useful in injection form or sometimes in tablet form. The drug can be used for a single troubling symptom or a life-threatening condition. While some medications can be stopped after few days, some drugs need to be continued for prolonged period to get the benefit from it.
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Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is used to treat bacterial infections of the respiratory tract, infections of female upper genital tract, abdominal infections and infections of skin and eye.

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo description

Each tablet contains Moxifloxacin HCl 436.8 mg equivalent to Moxifloxacin Aurobindo 400 mg. It also contains croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, hypromellose, macrogol 4000, titanium dioxide (E171) and ferric oxide (E172) as inactive constituents.

Each 250 mL solution for infusion contain Moxifloxacin Aurobindo HCl 436.8 mg equivalent to Moxifloxacin Aurobindo 400 mg. It also contains sodium chloride, 1N hydrochloric acid, 2N sodium hydroxide and water for injection. The solution for infusion (250 mL) contains sodium 34 mmol.

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo dosage

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The dose of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is 400 mg (orally or as an intravenous infusion) once every 24 hours. The duration of therapy depends on the type of infection as described below.

For Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections, therapy should usually be initiated with the intravenous formulation.

When switching from intravenous to oral dosage administration, no dosage adjustment is necessary. Patients whose therapy is started with Moxifloxacin Aurobindo I.V. may be switched to Moxifloxacin Aurobindo Tablets when clinically indicated at the discretion of the physician.

Oral doses of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo should be administered at least 4 hours before or 8 hours after antacids containing magnesium or aluminum, as well as sucralfate, metal cations such as iron, and multivitamin preparations with zinc, or VIDEX® (didanosine) chewable/buffered tablets or the pediatric powder for oral solution.

Impaired Renal Function

No dosage adjustment is required in renally impaired patients, including those on either hemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

Impaired Hepatic Function

No dosage adjustment is recommended for mild, moderate, or severe hepatic insufficiency (Child-Pugh Classes A, B, or C).

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo I.V. should be administered by INTRAVENOUS infusion only. It is not intended for intra-arterial, intramuscular, intrathecal, intraperitoneal, or subcutaneous administration.

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo I.V. should be administered by intravenous infusion over a period of 60 minutes by direct infusion or through a Y-type intravenous infusion set which may already be in place. CAUTION: RAPID OR BOLUS INTRAVENOUS INFUSION MUST BE AVOIDED.

Since only limited data are available on the compatibility of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo intravenous injection with other intravenous substances, additives or other medications should not be added to Moxifloxacin Aurobindo I.V. or infused simultaneously through the same intravenous line. If the same intravenous line or a Y-type line is used for sequential infusion of other drugs, or if the “piggyback” method of administration is used, the line should be flushed before and after infusion of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo I.V. with an infusion solution compatible with Moxifloxacin Aurobindo I.V. as well as with other drug(s) administered via this common line.

Preparation for administration of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo I.V. injection premix in flexible containers:

  1. Close flow control clamp of administration set.
  2. Remove cover from port at bottom of container.
  3. Insert piercing pin from an appropriate transfer set (e.g. one that does not require excessive force, such as ISO compatible administration set) into port with a gentle twisting motion until pin is firmly seated.

NOTE: Refer to complete directions that have been provided with the administration set.

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo interactions

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Tablet: For the following substances, absence of a clinically relevant interaction with Moxifloxacin Aurobindo was proven: Atenolol, ranitidine, calcium supplements, theophylline, oral contraceptives, glibenclamide, itraconazole, digoxin, morphine, probenecid. No dose adjustment is necessary for these drugs.

Antacids, Minerals and Multivitamins: Concomitant ingestion of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo with antacids, minerals and multivitamins may result in impaired absorption of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo after oral administration due to formation of chelate complexes with the multivalent cations contained in these preparations. This may lead to plasma concentrations considerably lower than desired. Hence, antacids, antiretroviral drugs (eg, didanosine) and other preparations containing magnesium or aluminium, sucralfate and agents containing iron or zinc should be administered at least 4 hours before or 2 hours after ingestion of an oral Moxifloxacin Aurobindo dose.

Ranitidine: The concomitant administration with ranitidine did not change the absorption characteristics of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo. Absorption parameters (Cmax, tmax, AUC) were comparable, indicating absence of an influence of gastric pH on Moxifloxacin Aurobindo uptake from the gastrointestinal tract.

Calcium Supplements: When given with high dose calcium supplements, only a slightly reduced rate of absorption was observed, while extent of absorption remained unaffected. The effect of high-dose calcium supplements on the absorption of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo is considered as clinically not relevant.

Theophylline: In accordance with in vitro data, no influence of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo on theophylline pharmacokinetics (and vice versa) at steady state was detected in humans, indicating that Moxifloxacin Aurobindo does not interfere with the 1A2 subtypes of the CYP450 enzymes.

Warfarin: No interaction during concomitant treatment with warfarin on pharmacokinetics, prothrombin time and other coagulation parameters has been observed.

Changes in International Normalized Ratio (INR): Cases of increased anticoagulant activity have been reported in patients receiving anticoagulants concurrently with antibiotics, including Moxifloxacin Aurobindo. The infectious disease (and its accompanying inflammatory process), age and general status of the patient are risk factors. Although an interaction between Moxifloxacin Aurobindo and warfarin was not demonstrated in clinical trials, INR monitoring should be performed and, if necessary, the oral anticoagulant dosage should be adjusted as appropriate.

Oral Contraceptives:

No interaction has occured following concomitant oral administration of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo with oral contraceptives.

Antidiabetics: No clinically relevant interaction was seen between glibenclamide and Moxifloxacin Aurobindo.

Itraconazole: Exposure (AUC) to itraconazole was only marginally altered under concomitant Moxifloxacin Aurobindo treatment. Pharmacokinetics of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo were not significantly altered by itraconazole. No dose adjustment is necessary for itraconazole when given with Moxifloxacin Aurobindo and vice versa.

Digoxin: The pharmacokinetics of digoxin are not significantly influenced by Moxifloxacin Aurobindo (and vice versa). After repeated dosing in healthy volunteers, Moxifloxacin Aurobindo increased Cmax of digoxin by approximately 30% at steady state without affecting AUC or trough levels.

Morphine:

Parenteral administration of morphine with Moxifloxacin Aurobindo did not reduce the oral bioavailability of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo and only slighlty decreased Cmax (17 %).

Atenolol: The pharmacokinetics of atenolol are not significantly altered by Moxifloxacin Aurobindo. Following single dose administration in healthy subjects, AUC was marginally increased (by approximately 4%) and peak concentrations were decreased by 10%.

Probenecid: No significant effect on apparent total body clearance and renal clearance of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo was found in a clinical study investigating the impact of probenecid on renal excretion.

Charcoal: Concomitant dosing of charcoal and oral Moxifloxacin Aurobindo 400 mg reduced the systemic availability of the drug by >80% by preventing absorption in vivo. The application of activated charcoal in the early absorption phase prevents further increase of systemic exposure in cases of overdose.

After IV drug administration, carbo medicinalis only slightly reduces systemic exposure (approximately 20%).

Food and Dairy Products: Absorption of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo was not altered by food intake (including dairy products). Moxifloxacin Aurobindo can be taken independent from food intake.

Infusion: No interaction during concomitant treatment with warfarin, itraconazole, theophylline, digoxin and oral contraceptives.

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo side effects

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Clinical efficacy trials enrolled over 9,200 Moxifloxacin Aurobindo orally and intravenously treated patients, of whom over 8,600 patients received the 400 mg dose. Most adverse events reported in Moxifloxacin Aurobindo trials were described as mild to moderate in severity and required no treatment. Moxifloxacin Aurobindo was discontinued due to adverse reactions thought to be drug-related in 2.9% of orally treated patients and 6.3 % of sequentially (intravenous followed by oral) treated patients. The latter studies were conducted in community acquired pneumonia and complicated skin and skin structure infections and complicated intra-abdominal infections with, in general, a sicker patient population compared to the tablet studies.

Adverse reactions, judged by investigators to be at least possibly drug-related, occurring in greater than or equal to 2% of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo treated patients were: nausea (6%), diarrhea (5%), dizziness (2%).

Additional clinically relevant uncommon events, judged by investigators to be at least possibly drug-related, that occurred in greater than or equal to 0.1% and less than 2% of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo treated patients were:

BODY AS A WHOLE: abdominal pain, headache, asthenia, dehydration (secondary to diarrhea or reduced fluid intake), injection site reaction (including phlebitis), malaise, moniliasis, pain, allergic reaction

CARDIOVASCULAR: cardiac arrhythmia (not otherwise specified), tachycardia, palpitation, vasodilation, QT interval prolonged

DIGESTIVE: vomiting, abnormal liver function test (increased transaminases, increased bilirubin), dyspepsia, dry mouth, flatulence, oral moniliasis, constipation, GGTP increased, anorexia, stomatitis, glossitis

HEMIC AND LYMPHATIC: leukopenia, eosinophilia, prothrombin decrease (prothrombin time prolonged/International Normalized Ratio (INR) increased), thrombocythemia

METABOLIC AND NUTRITIONAL: lactic dehydrogenase increased, amylase increased

MUSCULOSKELETAL: arthralgia, myalgia

NERVOUS SYSTEM: insomnia, nervousness, vertigo, somnolence, anxiety, tremor

SKIN/APPENDAGES: rash (maculopapular, purpuric, pustular), pruritus, sweating, urticaria

SPECIAL SENSES: taste perversion

UROGENITAL: vaginal moniliasis, vaginitis

Additional clinically relevant rare events, judged by investigators to be at least possibly drug-related, that occurred in less than 0.1% of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo treated patients were:

abnormal dreams, abnormal vision (visual disturbances temporally associated with CNS symptoms), agitation, amblyopia, amnesia, anemia, aphasia, arthritis, asthma, atrial fibrillation, back pain, chest pain, confusion, convulsions of various clinical manifestations (including grand mal convulsions), depersonalization, depression (potentially culminating in self-endangering behavior), dysphagia, dyspnea, ECG abnormal, emotional lability, face edema, gastritis, gastrointestinal disorder, hallucinations, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, hypertonia, hyperuricemia, hypesthesia, hypotension, incoordination, jaundice (predominantly cholestatic), kidney function abnormal, lab test abnormal (not specified), leg pain, paraesthesia, parosmia, pelvic pain, peripheral edema, photosensitivity/phototoxicity reactions, pseudomembranous colitis, prothrombin increase (prothrombin time decreased/International Normalized Ratio (INR) decreased), sleep disorders, speech disorders, supraventricular tachycardia, syncope, taste loss, tendon disorder, thinking abnormal, thrombocytopenia, thromboplastin decrease, tinnitus, tongue discoloration, ventricular tachycardia

Post-Marketing Adverse Event Reports:

Additional adverse events have been reported from worldwide post-marketing experience with Moxifloxacin Aurobindo. Because these events are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. These events, some of them life-threatening, include anaphylactic reaction, anaphylactic shock, angioedema (including laryngeal edema), hepatic failure, including fatal cases, hepatitis (predominantly cholestatic), photosensitivity/phototoxicity reaction (see

Moxifloxacin Aurobindo contraindications

Hypersensitivity to other quinolones, Moxifloxacin Aurobindo or any of the excipients of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo.

Use in pregnancy: The safe use of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo in human pregnancy has not been established. Reversible joint injuries are described in children receiving some quinolones. However, this effect has not been reported as occurring on exposed foetuses. Animal studies have shown reproductive toxicity. The potential risk for humans is unknown.

Consequently, the use of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo during pregnancy is contraindicated.

Use in lactation: As with other quinolones, Moxifloxacin Aurobindo has been shown to cause lesions in the cartilage of the weight bearing joints of immature animals. Preclinical evidence indicates that small amounts of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo may be secreted in human milk. There is no data available in lactating or nursing women. Therefore, the use of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo in nursing mothers is contraindicated.

Use in children: Safety and efficacy of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo in children and adolescents have not been established.



Active ingredient matches for Moxifloxacin Aurobindo:

Moxifloxacin in Germany.


List of Moxifloxacin Aurobindo substitutes (brand and generic names)

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Unit description / dosage (Manufacturer)Price, USD
MOXIFORD EYE DROP 1 packet / 5 ML eye drop each (Leeford Healthcare Ltd)$ 1.05
Moxiford 400mg Tablet (Leeford Healthcare Ltd)$ 0.62
Moxifresh NA Eye Drop (Smart Laboratories Pvt Ltd)$ 0.30
MOXIGEN EYE DROP 1 packet / 5 ML eye drop each (Renova Life sciences Pvt Ltd)$ 1.13
Moxigen 0.5% w/v Eye Drop (Renova Life sciences Pvt Ltd)$ 1.13
MOXIGOOD 400 MG TABLET 1 strip / 5 tablets each (Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd)$ 1.75
Moxigood 400mg Tablet (Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd)$ 0.35
Moxigood 400mg Injection (Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd)$ 0.03
Moxigram 0.5% EYE-DPS / 5ml (Micro Vision)$ 1.16
0.5 % x 5ml (Micro Vision)$ 1.16
MOXIGRAM 400 MG TABLET 1 strip / 5 tablets each (Micro Vision)$ 1.84
MOXIGRAM D EYE DROP 1 packet / 10 ML eye drop each (Micro Vision)$ 1.71

References

  1. PubChem. "moxifloxacin". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/com... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  2. DrugBank. "moxifloxacin". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB00218 (accessed September 17, 2018).
  3. Wikipedia. "moxifloxacin: Link to the compound information in Wikipedia.". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moxifl... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  4. MeSH. "Anti-Bacterial Agents". https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/68... (accessed September 17, 2018).
  5. European Chemicals Agency - ECHA. "1-Cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-8-methoxy-7-[(4aS,7aS)-octahydro-6H-pyrrolo[3,4-b]pyridin-6-yl]-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid: The information provided here is aggregated from the "Notified classification and labelling" from ECHA's C&L Inventory. ". https://echa.europa.eu/information-o... (accessed September 17, 2018).

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The results of a survey conducted on ndrugs.com for Moxifloxacin Aurobindo are given in detail below. The results of the survey conducted are based on the impressions and views of the website users and consumers taking Moxifloxacin Aurobindo. We implore you to kindly base your medical condition or therapeutic choices on the result or test conducted by a physician or licensed medical practitioners.

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Information checked by Dr. Sachin Kumar, MD Pharmacology

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